Akimichi, Tomoya. Historical development of territorial rights and fishery regulations in Okinawan inshore waters

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The Historical Development Of Territorial Rights And Fishery Regulations In Okinawan Inshore Waters

Untitled Section: ...


The Biophysical Context Of Okinawan Fisheries

The Socio-economic Context Of Okinawan Fisheries

The Administration Of Japanese Fisheries By Central And Local Governments

Fisheries Rights

Fishing Licenses

The Distribution Of Rights And Licenses

The Evolution Of Sea Tenure And Inshore Fisheries Rights In Okinawa

Direct Transfer Of Fisheries Rights By The Feudal Government

The Definition And Codification Of Village Sea Territories

First Period (1907–1940)

Second Period (1964–1974)

Third Period (1974—present)

Customary Use And Entry Rights

Entry Rights During The First Period (1907–1940)

The Regulation Of Fishing Technologies

Net Fishing (figs. 8–10, Table 5)

Drive-in Nets

Lift Netting

Gill Netting

Fixed Nets

Beach Seines

Cast Netting


Spear Fishing


Dugong Netting

Squid Jigging

Collection Of Benthos

Sea Cucumber ( Holothuria Spp. And Stichopus Spp.)

Sea Urchin (tripneustes Gratilla)


Sea Snake (laticauda Semifasciata)


Takasegai (tectus Niloticus) And Hirosegai (t. Pyramis)

Chōsen Sazae Or Chōgai (marmarostoma Argyrostoma)

Yakōgai (lunatia Marmorata)

Shakogai (tridacnidae)

Koyasugai Or Takaragai (cypraeidae)

Miscellaneous Shellfish

Seaweed Harvesting.

The Contemporary Role Of Okinawa Prefecture In Fisheries Administration

Complete Prohibitions

Size Limitations

Closed Areas

Closed Seasons

Limitations On Fishing Gear

The Contemporary Role Of Fisheries Cooperative Associations

Seasonality Regulations For Fishery Operations

Limitations On Entry


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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: Historical development of territorial rights and fishery regulations in Okinawan inshore waters

Published in: Senri ethnological studies -- no. 17

Published By: Senri ethnological studies -- no. 17 Suita, Osaka, Japan: National Museum of Ethnology, 1984. 37-88 p.: ill.

By line: Tomoya Akimichi and Kenneth Ruddle

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Okinawans (AC07)

Subjects: Topography and geology (133); Fauna (136); Fishing (226); Real property (423); Cooperative organization (474);

Abstract: This is an historical study of small-scale fisheries in Okinawa's rich and diverse inshore environment. The warm northward flowing Kuroshio Current supports an extensive system of coral reefs off of Okinawa's West Coast, which is home to many fish species. The authors examine the changes over time in ecology, regulations, markets, technology, and sea tenure. Since Japan's annexation of Okinawa in 1879, the fisheries have been tightly regulated and the authors focus on the key regulatory institutions, the Fisheries Co-operative Associations (FCA). On the plus side the localized FCAs permit micro-adjustments to change, on the downside, they preclude any regional fisheries policy, which could regulate the potentially adverse impact of one FCA policy on another.

Document Number: 5

Document ID: ac07-005

Document Type: Journal Article

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 84-88)

Field Date: not specified

Evaluation: Ethnographers-4

Analyst: Ian Skoggard ; 2000

Coverage Date: 1870-1983

Coverage Place: Okinawa, Japan

LCSH: Ryukyuans


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