Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957
The Eastern Timbira
Published By: Original publisher
Berkeley and Los Angeles: Universtiy of California Press.
1946. x, 357 p., 42 plates ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Curt Nimuendaju ; translated and edited by Robert H.
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2012. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Tribe and nation (619);
Settlement patterns (361);
Age stratification (561);
Puberty and initiation (881);
Athletic sports (526);
Rest days and holidays (527);
External relations (648);
Literary texts (539);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
The study is based upon detailed historical research on the
Ge, and specifically the Timbira peoples, and considerable field investigation among the
Timbira tribes as detailed herewith: Kreye, Apanyekra, Kreye of Cajuapara, Kukoekamekra,
Krikati, Krepumkateye were visited or informants from these tribes were interviewed on
visits. In these instances the author was principally concerned with securing a word list.
These visits covered the period 1913-1930. Nimuendaju spent two months among the Kraho in
1930 and six months with the Timbira of Araprytua in 1914-15, but his main field research
was among the Ramkokamekra with whom he stayed for a total of thirteen and one half months,
distributed through the years: 1929, 1930, 1931, 1933, 1935, and 1936. The author gives a
comprehensive and critical summary of the classifications of the Ge peoples in which his
vast first-hand knowledge is decisive. Even more thorough is his account of the history of
the Timbira and the component tribes. The bulk of the description of the contemporary
Timbira refers to the Ramkokamekra (to which our field date exclusively refers), although
relevant information on the other Timbira tribes is incorporated throughout. Most aspects
of Timbira culture are treated by topics, but much additional information may be gleaned
from the detailed descriptions of the major festivals. These latter are only superficially
analyzed by the author who does not always clearly define the roles of the participant
societies nor interrelate the different components of the social structure. The failure of
Nimuendaju to interpret much of his data in no way impairs the excellent quality of the
source which bristles with critical observations of a participant in the culture, which he
grew to know intimately over a twenty-three year period. An excellent bibliography (pp.
251-258) and glossary (pp. 259-261) are appended.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 251-258)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Richard Schaedel ; 1955: John Beierle; 2011
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
northeastern central steppes, Maranhão,
Tocantins and eastern Pará, Brazil
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings