Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959
The Winnebago tribe
Published By: Original publisher
Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution. 1923. 35-560 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Organized ceremonial (796);
Literary texts (539);
Spirits and gods (776);
Prayers and sacrifices (782);
Life history materials (159);
External relations (648);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This work, which is the primary document on the Winnebago
for this collection, is a meticulously executed piece of ethnographic writing by a
well-known professional anthropologist specialized in the field of American Indian studies.
This document was compiled by the author during the years 1908-1913 while working for the
Bureau of American Ethnology and on private expeditions, and was originally recorded as
much as possible in the Winnebago language, which was later translated into English. The
researcher will notice that each of the chapters contained in this work, with the exception
of those on archaeology, history, and material culture, is divided into two parts, the
data, and a discussion thereof. All aspects of Winnebago ethnography are covered in this
source, with three exceptions--mythology, art and music. The reason for this exclusion is
explained in the preface on page 47. Of special interest in this document is chapter 17
dealing with the clan war-bundle ceremonies, pp. 427-560, which presents the native text
and word-for-word translation of the minute details of the various ceremonies. In general
coverage the following aspects of Winnebago ethnography are presented: culture history,
archaeology, material culture, social, burial and funeral customs, warfare and the tribal
council, education, social organization, shamanism and medical practices, religion, clans
(history, organization and dances), and the Peyote Cult. It is interesting to note that
some of the life history material to be found in this work, especially in regard to chapter
16--the Peyote Cult, may be found reproduced almost verbatim in the autobiography of
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 1963; John Beierle; 2008
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Wisconsin, United States
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Ho Chunk Indians