Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982. The Northern and central Nootkan tribes

Table of Contents

Publication Information

The Northern And Central Nootkan Tribes


The Nootkan Tribes

The Homeland

The Historic Period

Economic Life

Implements Of The Food Quest

Fishing Devices

Hunting Devices

Gathering Devices

The Economic Cycle And Methods

Preparation And Preservation Of Food

Material Culture

Habitations And Manufactures




Board Making


Canoes And Their Appurtenances

Wooden Receptacles

Miscellaneous Household Utensils


Dress And Ornament

Ceremonial Dress

Skin Dressing


Musical Instruments

Fire And Lighting

Tobacco And Chewing Gum


Wealth Goods


Abalone Shells

Sea Otter Pelts


Calendars And Mnemonics

The Life Of The Individual

Pregnancy And Birth Customs


Hair Cutting


First Game

Girls' Puberty

Menstrual Observances



Mortuary Customs

Religious Life

The Supernatural World

Tales Of Supernatural Experience

Dealings With The Supernatural

The Ritual Cleansing-spirit Quest

Hair Seal Hunting Rites

Sea Otter Hunting Rites

Whale Hunters' Rites

War Chiefs' Rites


Weather Magic

Observances In Honor Of Game

The Shaman

Shamanistic Curing

Black Magic

The Tsaiyeq Ritual

Social Life



Kyuquot (see Map 2)

Ehetisat (see Map 3)

Nuchatlet (see Map 3)

Moachat (see Map 4)

Muchalat (see Map 5)

Hesquiat (see Map 6)

Otsosat (see Map 7)

Ahousat (see Map 7)

Clayoquot (see Map 8)



Ceremonial Seats 71


Speakers, War Chiefs, And Clowns



Hereditary Trades

Summary: The Chiefs And Their People


Kinship Usages And Terminology



Sex Conflicts

Dissension And Social Control


Personality Types And Social Attitudes


Abnormal Personalities

News And Gossip


The War Between The Ahousat And The Otsosat

The Muchalat Wars

Festivals And Diversions


Announcing Intent



The “shamans' Dance” (lōqw(ɔ)n˙a)

An Ehetisat Shamans' Dance

A Nuchatlet Shamans' Dance

Significance Of The Shamans' Dance

Shamans' Dance Miscellany

Older Festivals

Games And Amusements

The Patterns Of The Culture

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Northern and central Nootkan tribes

Published By: Original publisher Washington: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print Off.. 1951. ix, 480 p., 5 plates

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Philip Drucker

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Nuu-chah-nulth (NE11)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Organized ceremonial (796); Gift giving (431); Food quest (220); Puberty and initiation (881); Techniques of socialization (861); Shamans and psychotherapists (756); Revelation and divination (787); Diet (262); Tribe and nation (619); Personality disorders (158); Warfare (726); Geography (130);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The material for this study was compiled by the author in 1935-36 under a pre-Doctoral Research Fellowship granted by the Social Science Research Council. The problem under study was to determine from an examination of Nootka society the bases of social stratification as evidenced through their economic life, material culture, daily life history patterns, and especially through the religious and ceremonial observances of the people. In his presentation of the various facets of Nootkan life, the author is meticulous in recording in detail everything that might have a bearing on his primary thesis. This is to be especially noted in his sections on the religious and ceremonial life of the Nootka. When differences occur among the several subtribes constituting the Nootka as a whole, the author is careful to point out these differences. The ethnographic horizon for this study was from about 1850-1937.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ne11-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 457-460)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1935-37

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1960: John Beierle; 2009

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1850-1937

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Nootka Indians//Nuu-chah-nulth Indians


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