Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (Edward Evan),
Zande border raids
Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph
Africa -- Vol. 27
Published By: Original publisher
Africa -- Vol. 27
London: Oxford University Press. 1957. 217-230 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
E. E. Evans-Pritchard
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1999. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Instigation of war (721);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This brief article concerns the nature of border raids in
four of the frontier provinces of the Gbudwe kingdom of Azande. Herein is found a valuable
discussion of the following: motivations behind raids, combat preparations, aftermath of
combat, raiding strategy and tactics, and other characteristics of military operations.
While the article stresses more a description of actual battles and military episodes
rather than an analysis of cultural-historical forces determining Azande warfare and
raiding, the author does not draw the significant distinction between raids (affrays) and
war campaigns: wars mobilize all or most of the territorial and social divisions of an
Azande kingdom, while raids are military engagements between specific Azande or non-Azande
provinces. Although not necessarily differing in objectives or operations, raids are much
smaller in scale and scope than are wars. This article, however, relates neither raids nor
wars to other Azande institutions.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Gilbert Winer ; 1968-1969
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
ca. 1865 - ca. 1905
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Gbudwe Kingdom, Sudan
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Zande (African people)