Subsistence Types in eHRAF

In eHRAF World Cultures, your search query can be filtered by subsistence type. This is done after a Basic or Advanced Search on the Region and Culture Results page. The following are the subsistence types you will find in eHRAF:

Hunter-gatherers also called foragers; depend almost entirely (86% or more) on hunting, fishing, and gathering for subsistence

Primarily Hunter-gatherers also called foragers; depend mostly (56% percent or more) hunting, fishing, and gathering for subsistence

Pastoralists depend mostly (56% or more) on herding or pastoralism.

Horticulturalists depend mostly (56% or more) on simple agriculture (extensive or horticulture)

Intensive agriculturalists depend mostly (56% or more) on intensive agriculture (with more or less permanent field cultivation and/or irrigation)

Pastoral/agriculturalists not any of the above and pastoralism and agriculture/horticulture combined contribute at least 76% or more to the economy.

Other Subsistence Combination (includes other combinations of hunting, fishing, gathering, pastoralism, and horticulture or intensive agriculture).

Commercial economy at the time of description, people did not make their living mostly by hunting, fishing, gathering, pastoralism or agriculture, but mostly made their living by working for wages, selling products, or in business.

For more information on how to filter by subsistence type, see Filtering search results in eHRAF.