The Zia are a Keres-speaking pueblo people who live on the Jemez River, 35 miles northwest of Albuquerque, New Mexico. Descendents of the Chaco Canyon Anasazi, they migrated to their present location in the 13th century. The Zia share the secret society and kachina complex of other pueblos.
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North America --Southwest and Basin
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Documents referred to in this section are included in the eHRAF collection and are referenced by author, date of publication, and eHRAF document number.
There are eight documents in the Zia collection. The classic monograph is by Leslie White (1962, document no.1) whose fieldwork covered a thirty-year span. He focused mostly on secret societies, including membership, recruitment, and ceremonies. Hoebel wrote a brief account of Zia history and culture for the Handbook of North American Indians (Hoebel 1979, no. 2). He also wrote about Zia law (Hoebel 1969, no. 3). Lange (1952, no. 4) has written a detailed account of the famous Green Corn Dance; Hawley et al. (1943, no. 5) a nutritional study; Polese (1968, no. 6) on the Zia sun symbol; and Stevenson (1953, no. 7) on child birth.
For more detailed information on the content of the individual works in the collection, see the abstracts in the citations preceding each document.
This culture summary was written by Ian Skoggard in September 2003.
KOSHAIRI-mythical being and secret society-575, 773, 776
war captain-554, 624, 701
KACHINA-spirits impersonated by dancers-5311, 535, 776