The Yuki lived in northern Mendocino County California and spoke a language, Yukian, that has no known relationship to other languages. The Yuki include the Coast Yuki, Yuki, and Huchnom. In the 1990s there were about 100 Yukis around Round Valley, California. The Yuki used to practice hunting, gathering, and fishing and the Round Valley supported a relatively dense population on the rich wild resources. However, the Round Valley land was much desired by European-American settlers and the Yuki were displaced and killed to free up the land.
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North America --Northwest Coast and California
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Documents referred to in this section are included in the eHRAF collection and are referenced by author, date of publication, and eHRAF document number.
There are eighteen documents in the eHRAF Collection of Ethnography collection on the Yuki. A general introduction to the three main Yuki groups, Yuki, Coastal Yuki and Huchnom, can be found in Kroeber's articles from the Handbook of Californian Indians (1972, no. 9; 1972, no. 6; 1972, no. 7). Two other entries by Kroeber are on religion (1972, no. 8) and myths (1932, no. 10). Gifford (1937, no. 4) also wrote about myths and pre-contact culture of the Coast Yuki (1965, no. 3). Foster (1944, no. 2) wrote about pre-contact culture of the Round Valley Yuki. Miller (1979, no. 12; 1975, no. 13; 1978, no. 14) writes about the history of the Yuki in Round Valley and about changes in leadership before and after land reform (1989, no. 11). Treganza (1950, no. 16) writes about the archeology of Round Valley. An account of Yuki warfare is found in Goldschmidt (1939, no. 5) and plant use in Curtin (1959, no 1). Powell (1976, no. 17; 1976, no. 15) has written the earliest and extremely ethnocentric accounts of the Yuki.
For more detailed information on the content of the individual works in the collection, see the abstracts in the citations preceding each document.
The culture summary was written by Ian Skoggard in October, 2002.