Collection Description

Brief Culture Description

Culture Name

Iroquois

Culture Description

The League of the Iroquois was a confederacy of five Native North American nations; the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca. The Five Nations originally occupied land that is now part of New York State. The Tuscarora joined the League in 1722 and numerous other nations have been incorporated into the League since then. The League was a major player in the political events of northeastern North America during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Traditionally, the Iroquois were horticulturalists and hunters. Their basic economic unit was a matrilineally extended family group of women, their spouses, and their children occupying a longhouse. In the late twentieth century members of the Six Nations live in numerous reservations and reserves, primarily in New York State and Ontario and Quebec Provinces in Canada.

Note

Select the Culture Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.

Region

North America --Eastern Woodlands

Countries

Canada

United States

OWC Code

NM09

Collection Information

Number of Documents

52

Note: Select the Collection Documents tab above to browse documents.

Number of Pages

6517

Collection Indexing Notes

AKATONE -- lineages -- category 613

American Indian Federation -- a political activist group -- category 668

Association of Iroquois and Allied Indians (AIAI) -- categories 665, 571

AWERIASA -- the power in man; his soul -- category 774

burden straps, manufacture of -- category 286

chiefs -- hereditary chiefs (sachem, peace chief, lord of the League, federal chief) -- category 646; at local or village level -- category 622

councils, of the League -- category 646; village -- category 623; tribal or elected -- category 635

deacons (modern) -- category 794

dehorners or warrior associations -- categories 571, 668, sometimes 701

dream guessing -- categories 828, 787, 524

evaluation of freedom -- categories 641, 181, 157

faithkeepers -- categories 791 and also 756

GAIWIIO -- the "Good Word"; the Code of Handsome Lake -- category 779

giving thanks to all nature -- category 782

grand council -- category 646

Green Corn Festival -- categories 241, 796

hatbands and beads on hats -- category 301

hominy stirrer -- category 413

Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 -- categories 671, 657

Iroquois-State relationships -- categories 563, 657

Kinzua Dam Project -- categories 653, 312

knee rattles -- categories 534, 301

lack of social intercourse between sexes prior to marriage -- category 883

law giver, the first -- category 173

League of the Iroquois -- category 642

longhouse, as a structure -- categories 342, 344, 346; social organization of -- categories 592, 596; as a community -- category 621; as a religious congregation -- category 794

medals -- given by whites as a symbol of prestige -- categories 648, 554

medicine societies -- category 756

military chiefs -- category 701

North American Indian Travelling College -- categories 217, 543

'OHKI:WE:H -- Feast of the Dead, held once or twice a year -- category 769

peacemakers, tribal -- category 692

Pine Tree Chiefs -- category 622, sometimes with 554 or 555

sachems -- category 646

Seneca Arts Project -- category 658 (sometimes with 657)

speakers -- category 537, sometimes with 554

St. Lawrence Seaway Project -- category 653

sub-sachems -- assistants to the sachems -- category 646

tenets of approved and desirable behavior -- category 577

tenth day feast -- category 765

thieving party, comparable to Halloween -- categories 685, 883

TJINHGE'DA -- an animal bone used in hunting magic -- categories 224, 789

trenches and palisades -- category 712

wampum -- categories 211, 436; making of wampum belt -- category 286, 237

war whoops -- category 533

white beliefs about the Iroquois -- category 181

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