Collection Description

Brief Culture Description

Culture Name

Chicanos

Culture Description

Chicanos and Chicanas are a diverse group of people of Mexican heritage who were born in the United States and many Mexican immigrants, especially children educated in the United States, also identify with the term. There are, however, many from both populations do not identify as Chicano. Most Chicanos speak English but consider Spanish their mother tongue. While historically Chicanos are associated with the Southwest and California, Chicanos have spread recently into other regions of the United States.

Note

Select the Culture Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.

Region

North America --Regional and Ethnic Cultures

Countries

United States

OWC Code

N007

Collection Information

Number of Documents

58

Note: Select the Collection Documents tab above to browse documents.

Number of Pages

8660

Collection Overview

Documents referred to in this section are included in the eHRAF collection and are referenced by author, date of publication, and eHRAF document number.

The Chicano file consists of 57 English language documents covering a wide variety of ethnographic topics. The time span for the file ranges from the early to late twentieth century, with a particular geographical focus on Texas, California, and the general southwestern area of the United States. Although there is no single work in the file that covers in depth all of the Chicano in the U.S., the combination of works by Moore (1990, no. 1), Grebler (1970, no. 8), Alvarez (1971, no. 17), , Teller (1977, no. 23, and Vigil (1998, no. 45), do provide a general ethnographic overview of Chicano culture and society. Feminism and the role and status of Chicano women is a major topic discussed in a number of documents in this file, such as in: Miranda (1979, no. 10), Melville (1980, nos. 47, 53, 58, and 59), Whiteford (1980, no. 56), Wagner and Schaffer (1980, no. 61), Garcia Manzanedo (1980, no. 62), Cotera (1980, no. 64), and Velez-I (1980, no. 65). Other topics include data on: reproduction and child care, in: Keyes (1986, no. 28), Melville (1980, no. 48), Andrade (1980, no. 49), Urdaneta (1980, no.50), Kay (1980, no. 51, and Acosta-Johnson (1980, no. 52); labor and the Chicano labor force in: (Briggs, 1977, no. 5), Briody (1985, no. 26), Landolt (1966, no. 30), Jones (1965, no. 31), and Zavella (1987, no. 46); folk healers and folk medicine in: Kiev (1968, no. 9), Romano V (1960, 1965, nos. 18 and 19), and Macklin (1980, no. 57); the fine arts in: Graham (1981, no. 20), Limín (1980, 1983, 1989, nos. 54, 67, and 68), Flores (1995, no. 38), Peña (1981, no. 40), and Mason (1980, no. 55); and finally problems of the aged in Markides (1983, no. 60) and Stephens (1980, no. 66).

For more detailed information on the content of the individual works in this file, see the abstracts in the citation preceding each document.

This culture summary is from the article "Chicano" by James Diego Vigil in the Encyclopedia of World Cultures Supplement, edited by Carol R. Ember and Melvin Ember with the assistance of Ian Skoggard. Macmillan Reference/Gale 2002.The Human Relations Area Files would also like to thank James Diego Vigil for his bibliographical suggestions in the preparation of this file. The synopsis and indexing notes were written by John Beierle in January 2002.

Overview by

John Beierle

Collection Indexing Notes

Affirmative Action Program -- category 466

AGRINGADOS -- acculturated Mexican-Americans -- categories 156, 177

Associated Employers, Inc. -- open shop association of San Antonio -- category 466

border patrols -- categories 693 (sometimes with 648)

CASAA -- Citizens Association Serving All Americans -- categories 664, 575, 177

Chicano political movement -- category 668

COLONIAS -- immigrant settlements, which evolved into contemporary Chicano barrios --categories 621, 361

COPLA -- Comite de Padres Latinos, a Spanish-speaking parent organization in Portillo, California, established to engage in dialogue about their children's needs in the educational system -- category 871

COPS -- Communities Organized for Public Service; a neighborhood-based political organization - - category 665

CUMPLEAÑOS -- birthdays -- category 527

CURANDERO -- shaman -- category 756

judicial commissions (civil rights, immigration, etc.) -- category 698

LA RAZA UNIDA -- category 668

labor camps -- categories 361, 362, sometimes with 466

law suits against the U.S. government -- category 691

LULAC -- League of Latin American Citizens -- categories 664, 575, 177

MANDA -- a religious vow or promise -- category 782

MAPA --Mexican-American Political Association -- categories 664, 575, 177

MEXICANIDAD, concept of -- category 186

ORDEN HIJOS DE AMERICA -- order of sons of America (OSA) -- categories 664, 575, 177

PALOMILLAS -- cliques of teen-age boys or young men -- category 573

PASSO -- Political Association of Spanish-Speaking Organizations -- categories 664, 575, 177

poverty and anti-poverty programs, general information on --category 735

poverty and anti-poverty programs, specific information on -- categories 746, 747

pressure groups, political -- category 664

proposition 187 -- category 167

prosecution of illegal immigrants -- category 687

QUINCEAÑERA -- a coming of age ritual and festival for fifteen-year-old girls -- category 527

racial discrimination against Chicanos -- categories 177, 563

reform movements -- categories 185, 668

Texas Rangers -- category 693

undocumented workers -- categories 167, 464, 563

welfare programs -- category 657

Indexing Notes by

John Beierle

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