Collection Description

Brief Culture Description

Culture Name


Culture Description

Most of the population of Turkey are ethnic Turks. Turks are linked by their common history, language, and religion—Islam. The origins of the Turkish peoples are among the nomadic and pastoral peoples who lived east of the Eurasian steppes from the borders of China across Turkestan. The Seljuk Turks victory over the Byzantines in 1071 began the Turkish migration into Anatolia. Turkey became a Republic in 1923 and in 1982 a parliamentary form of government was instituted. Most of the population now lives in urban areas and the rest in one of the 36,000 rural villages in Turkey.


Select the Culture Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.


Middle East --Middle East










OWC Code


Collection Information

Number of Documents


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Number of Pages


Collection Overview

The Turks collection consists only of this culture summary. This article was published originally in the Encyclopedia of World Cultures, Vol. 9, Africa and the Middle East, edited by John Middleton and Amal Rassam Boston, Mass.: G. K. Hall & Co: 1995.

Overview by

Ian Skoggard

Collection Indexing Notes

ağa –landlord– Use REAL PROPERTY ( 423) CLASSES ( 565) and LINEAGES ( 613)

ahiret –intimate friends– Use FRIENDS ( 572)

aşk –love– Use SEXUALITY ( 831)

belediye –municipality administration– Use CITIES ( 633)


davul –base drum used in dances– Use DANCE ( 535)

Dervish orders Use CONGREGATIONS ( 794)

gecekondu –squatter settlement– Use SETTLEMENTS ( 361)

haji –pilgrimage– Use TRAVEL ( 484) and THEOLOGICAL SYSTEMS ( 779)

harem –women’s quarters– Use HOUSHOLDS ( 592) and DWELLING ( 342)

harman –threshing ground– Use TILLAGE ( 241)

hayır –good deeds, or alms giving– Use PRAYERS AND SACRIFICES ( 782) and GIFTS ( 433)

hoca –religious leader– Use MAGICIAN AND DIVINERS ( 791) and PRIESTHOOD ( 793)

kaymakam –district head– Use DISTRICTS ( 634)

kaza –administrative town of a district– Use TOWNS ( 632) and DISTRICTS ( 634)

Koranic schools Use CONGREGATIONS ( 794)

köy –village– Use COMMUNITY STRUCTURE ( 621)

koy derneği –village assembly– Use COUNCILS ( 623)

mahalle –neighborhood– Use SETTLEMENT PATTERNS ( 361) and COMMUNITY STRUCTURE ( 621)

melvut –prayer ceremony– Use PRAYERS AND SACRIFICES ( 782)

memurs –professional class– Use INTERNAL MIGRATION ( 166) OCCUPATIONS ( 463) CLASSES ( 565) and DISTRICTS ( 634)

muhtar –village headman– Use COMMUNITY HEADS ( 622)

nahiye –subdistrict administrative unit– Use TOWNS ( 632)

nahiye müdürü –subdistrict director– Use TOWNS ( 632)

pastahane –Frenchstyle café– Use FOOD SERVICE INDUSTRIES ( 265)

ramazan –period of fasting– Use ORGANIZED CEREMONIALS ( 796) and ASCETISM ( 785)

senmaye –capital– Use OWNERSHIP AND CONTROL OF CAPITAL ( 471)

VOC –Value of Children– Use CONCEPTION ( 842)

yaylas –mountain pasture– Use TOPOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY ( 133) and PASTORAL ACTIVITES ( 233)

vilayet –province– Use PROVINCE ( 635)

zurna –doublereed wind instrument used to play music at weddings– Use MUSIC ( 533)

Indexing Notes by

Ian Skoggard

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