Collection Description

Brief Culture Description

Culture Name

Zulu

Culture Description

The Zulu are located primarily in the northeast section of KwaZulu/Natal province, formerly called Zululand, in the Republic of South Africa. In the early nineteenth century king Shaka organized the Zulu into a powerful conquest state. Political organization was hierarchical with the king at the top who designated authority to chiefs of districts, and from them to homestead heads. The Zulu speak isiZulu, a language classified under what is known as the Nguni family of languages in South Africa. Traditionally the economy was based on horticulture and pastoralism, but by the twenty-first century agriculture has declined in importance with small-scale trading and the development of a money economy dominating.

Note

Select the Culture Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.

Region

Africa --Southern Africa

Countries

Lesotho

South Africa

Swaziland

OWC Code

FX20

Collection Information

Number of Documents

47

Note: Select the Collection Documents tab above to browse documents.

Number of Pages

5292

Collection Overview

Documents referred to in this section are included in the eHRAF collection and are referenced by author, date of publication, and eHRAF document number.

The Zulu file consists of 47 documents, all in English, covering a time span from about 1800 to the late 1990s. The basic orienting document in this file is Krige, 1965, no. 1, a general ethnography based primarily on works from the nineteenth century, and written in the ethnographic present. This ethnography is supplemented by the works of Shooter, 1857, no. 19, Grout, 1864, no. 36, and Krauss, 1969, no. 44, all of which deal with traditional ethnography and describe Zulu life at various times in the nineteenth century. Religion, symbolism, magic, divination, are extensively covered in this file and will be found in the studies of Ngubane, 1977, no. 2, Berglund, 1976, no. 8, Callaway, 1870, no. 12, Raum, 1973, no. 15, Lee, 1958, no. 20, Krige, 1969, no. 26, Bodenstein and Raum, 1960, no. 27, Fernandez, 1967, no. 29, Dutoit, 1971, 1971, nos. 33 and 34; Lugg, 1929, no. 35, Scotch, 1976, no. 41, and Rounds, 1982, no. 52.

Another major topic given much attention in this file is that of socio-political organization. Documents dealing with this aspect of Zulu culture are: Gluckman, 1955, 1940, nos. 5 and 21; Reader, 1966, no. 6; Krauss, 1969, no. 44; Golan, 1991, no. 54; Kuper, 1993, no. 55, and deHass and Zulu, 1994, no. 56. Culture history, with emphasis on the Anglo-Zulu wars of the mid nineteenth century, are covered in: Cettiwayo, 1978, no. 38; and Edgerton, 1988, no. 46.

For more detailed information on the content of the individual works in this file, see the abstracts in the citation preceding each document.

This culture summary is from the article "Zulu" by Pearl Sithole in the Encyclopedia of World Cultures Supplement, 2002, Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember, and Ian Skoggard, eds. New York: Macmillan Reference, Gale Group. The SYNOPSIS and indexing notes were written by John Beierle in June 2004.

Overview by

John Beierle

Collection Indexing Notes

ABANTU ABAKHONZILE -- menials, dependants -- category 357

ABANTWANA -- princes and princesses -- category 565

ANC -- the African National Congress -- category 665

Cane-grower's Association -- category 474

Farmer's Association -- category 474

HLONIPA -- avoidance; respectful restraint --784, 571, 576

IBUNGA -- local council -- category 623

IKHANDA -- heads of royal homesteads -- categories 644, 701 (depending on context)

IMBONGI -- poet or bard -- category 5310

INDUNA of army -- category 701

INDUNA, "great" -- prime minister-- category 645

INDUNA, of ward -- categories 622, 634

INKATHA -- the Zulu National Cultural Liberation Movement -- categories 665, 668

INKOSANA -- heir-designate of the UMNUMZANE -- category 622

INKOSI -- the king -- category 643

INTANGA -- regiments -- categories 561, 701

INYANGA --herb doctor, medicineman -- categories 759, 756, 791

IPHOYISA -- "policeman"; modern equivalent of the UMNUMZANE -- category 622

ISANGOMA -- witchdoctor -- categories 754, 756, 791

ISIBONGO -- sib, clan, clan praise-name -- categories 614, 554, 551

ISICATHAMIYA -- a genre of Zulu dance and song -- categories 535, 533

ISIFUNDA -- ward group or super district -- category 634

ISIGODI -- neighborhood, district, or sub ward -- category 634

ISIGODLO -- members of the king's household -- category 644

ISIKUZA -- see ABANTU ABAKHONZILE

ISILOMO -- royal favorites of the highest status -- category 644

ISIQINTI -- sub ward or neighborhood -- category 634

ITHWASA -- diviner in training -- category 791

IZINDUNA -- traditional headman -- category 622

IZINYANGA -- diviners -- category 791

IZUNDUNA ZAMACALA -- INDUNAS of cases -- category 693

KHONZA -- patron-client relationship -- category 571

King's council -- category 646

LAAGERS -- defensive positions -- category 712

'NKULU YAMABUTHO -- great captain of the regiments -- category 701

South African Native Trust -- category 657

Tribal chief -- categories 622, 635

"Tribe" -- category 635

UGOGO -- grandmother -- category 603

UMNUMZANE -- head of KRAAL, descent group, or village head -- category 592

UMSENGI -- royal favorites of lower status -- category 644

UMUZI -- KRAAL, homestead, or village -- categories 592, 621 (depending on context)

USENDO (UMDENI, ABAZALUSANE) -- lineage -- category 613

Indexing Notes by

John Beierle

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