Collection Description

Culture Name

Maasai

Culture Description

The Maasai (Masai) are nomadic pastoralists who live in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania having migrated to this region sometime before 1800. They are a federation of tribal sections. In the 1880s, they were colonized and mostly pacified by the British and Germans. In Kenya colonial farmers and ranchers settled on their land. Two treaties confined them to their present-day reserve. In the 1970s the Tanzanian government has tried to settle the Maasai into villages and involve them in the market economy.

Note

Select the Culture Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.

Region

Africa --Eastern Africa

Countries

Kenya

Tanzania

OWC Code

FL12

Number of Documents

21

Note: Select the Collection Documents tab above to browse documents.

Number of Pages

2571

bull -- categories 701, 554

charms that the LAIBON gives the leader of age-sets -- category 789

clans -- patrilineal and exogamous -- category 614

diehards -- categories 701, 554

district chief -- category 634

districts 1. KAPUTIEI (KAPITE plains) 2. EN-AIPOSHA (NAIVASHA) A. LOITA (ELBURGONL) B. OLBRUGGO (pURKO) 3. KISONGO 4. USAIN-GISHU -- no longer exists 5. 'L-AIKIPYAK -- no longer exists

ESOOGO -- punishment for offences by members of the age-set -- categories 627, 681

ESTHKIRA hut -- a clubhouse for the firestick patrons -- category 345

EUNOTO festival -- a festival occurring about five years after the first initiations -- category 796

firestick patrons -- category 554

girl's initiation ceremonies -- categories 884, 881

households -- composed of an elderly father and his wives and his married sons -- category 596

KRAAL (elder's village) -- category 361

LAIBON -- the priest-chief -- category 791

LAIGWANAN -- leader of a warrior company -- categories 624, 701, 554

LOODOMONGI -- the Red Oxen moiety -- category 616

LOOLBAS -- Great Ox feasts -- categories 527, 561

LOROKITENG -- the Black Ox moiety -- category 616

Maasi native council -- category 623

magicians or medicine men -- category 791

MANYATTA (pl. MANYAT) -- warrior's village -- category 361

MORAN -- warriors -- categories 701, 561

rain makers -- category 791

smiths -- a distinct caste among the Maasi -- category 564

THINGIRA (-singira) -- men's clubhouse -- category 345

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