The Monguor are Mongols who settled the Tibetan frontier during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and afterwards became defenders of the frontier for the Ming and Qing dynasties. Their culture is heavily influenced by that of the Chinese and Tibetans. The Monguor live on the south slopes of the Qilian Mountains to the west of the Donxiang in northwestern China. Various dialects of their Mongol language survives to the present. The predominant religion is a form of Tibetan Lamaism combined with Daoist and shamanistic practices.
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Asia --East Asia
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Documents referred to in this section are included in the eHRAF collection and are referenced by author, date of publication, and eHRAF document number.
The eHRAF Monguor file consists of five sources, two of which are translations, one from French and the other, German. All the sources are written by two Roman Catholic missionaries, Father Louis Schram, who was in the area from 1911-1922, and Father Dominik Schröder, from 1946-1949. The basic work, by Schram, was published in three parts. The first part (Schram 1954, no. 1) describes Monguor origins, history and social organization; part 2 (Schram 1957, no. 4), religious life (particularly the origin and historical development of the lamaseries); and part 3 relates clan histories. An earlier work by Schram is an article on marriage practices (Schram 1932, no. 2). Schröder's work (Schröder 1952-1953, no. 3) is another study of religious practices and beliefs.
For more detailed information on the content of the individual works in the file, see the abstracts in the citations preceding each document.
Ian Skoggard wrote the culture summary, file evaluation, and indexing notes in January 2005.
KUDU-family-category 592 and 596
NADUN-harvest festival-categories 527 and 796
TUSI-chief and administrator-categories 631 and 614