Culwick, G. M.
A dietary survey among the Zande of the south-western Sudan
Khartoum: Agricultural Publications Commattee, Ministry of Agriculture, Sudan Govt., 1950. 169 p.: ill, maps
by G. M. Culwick and with a clinical note by P. H. Abbott
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
HRAF, 1999. Computer File
Cultural participation (184);
Annual cycle (221);
Nonalcoholic beverages (272);
Food preparation (252);
Alcoholic beverages (273);
This report was wratten by an agricultural expert to contribute data and information to the Sudan government in directing its Azande economic development scheme. Culwick examines and evaluates dietary patterns, food production, economic organization of agriculture, and nutrition among the Azande. Information is drawn from the author’s field survey among a population sample of rural peasant farmers and wage-earners from the Zande district. The main subjects of analysis include: economic structure and organization of the household, seasonal distribution of various types of agriculture, the productive capacity of the agricultural economy, frequency of occurrence by season and locality of various crops (cereals, roots, legumes, vegetables, fruits, cucurbits, etc.), intensity of land use for each main crop category, and the amount of labor expenditure on a daily-monthly-seasonal basis. Also found are qualitative and quantitative data on patterns of food consumption and dietary intake according to crop, season, and locality, and a nutritional analysis of this food intake according to its food value and the dietary requirements of the sample population. Culwick discusses the variables of food production, nutritional requirements, and dietary intake to determine where nutritional deficiencies and lapses may lie and the extent to which existing agricultural and dietary patterns meet Azande nutritional requirements. The orientation of the survey is toward framing some proposals and suggestions for improving the standard of performance of agriculture and to raise the overall levels of nutrition. Finally, it should be noted that the population of the Zande district is ethnically mixed. “For the purpose of this report, those living south of Tambura, though admattedly mixed, are called collectively Zande: those living north and north-west, a number of smaller tribal units under Zande rulers, are called collectively Balanda” (p. 14).
Document ID: fo07-061
Includes bibliographical references (p. 77-78)
Pages 157-167 were included as a separate document; see this file, 62: Abbott ‘Map of Area’ on page 156 was not found in the original text
Data referring to the Balanda have been indexed for category 184 in addition to the pertinent topical categories.
Gilbert Winer; Robert O. Lagacé; 1968
Zande (African people)