Bonner, Donna. Garifuna children's language shame: ethnic stereotypes, national affiliation, and transnational immigration as factors in language choice

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: Garifuna children's language shame: ethnic stereotypes, national affiliation, and transnational immigration as factors in language choice

Published in: Language and society -- Vol. 30, no. 1

Published By: Language and society -- Vol. 30, no. 1 Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 2001. 81-96 p.

By line: Donna M. Bonner

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Garifuna (SA12)

Subjects: External migration (167); Speech (191); Linguistic identification (197); Ethnic stratification (563);

Abstract: In this article, Bonner examines the reasons for the decline in use of the Garifuna language among children and young adults in a multilingual and multiethnic town of Dangriga, Belize. Garifuna language is a mix of Native American, West African, and European grammar and vocabulary. It is at the bottom of a language hierarchy, which includes English Creole (the 'native' language of Belize), English, and Spanish. The Spanish-speaking population of Belize and the town of Dangriga has increased with recent immigration from neighboring countries, especially Mexico. Although Garifuna are shy about using their own language in multiethnic settings, as it marks their marginal status in Belize society, recently their language has become embraced by the Creole as an authentic language of the African diaspora and associated with the country's unique non-Spanish history and culture. Nevertheless the more widely spoken English Creole has become the language of solidarity in face of this 'Spanish' intrusion.

Document Number: 18

Document ID: sa12-018

Document Type: Journal Article

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 94-96)

Field Date: 1991-1993

Evaluation: Ethnographer-5

Analyst: Ian Skoggard ; 2003

Coverage Date: 1980-2000

Coverage Place: Dangriga, Belize

LCSH: Black Carib Indians

Cite

Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the links below to export the citation to your chosen bibliographic manager.

Export a Citation