Shternberg, Lev IAkovlevich, 1861-1927. The Gilyak, Orochi, Goldi, Negidal, Ainu: articles and materials

Table of Contents

Publication Information

L. Ia. Shternberg As An Investigator Of The Peoples Of The Far East



Explanation Of The Transcription System For Tungusic-manchu Words

Classification Of The Aboriginal Population Of The Amur Region

The Gilyak

I. Territory. Linguistic Isolation. Origin.

Ii. Environment. Type. External Life.

Iii. Kinship System. Marriage Norms And Their Influence On The Family-clan Structure.

Iv. Some Conclusions From The Norms Of Gilyak Marriage

V. Religion Of The Gilyak

Vi The Clan

Vii. The Mechanism Of The Clan

Viii. Interclan Relations

The Social Organization Of The Gilyak (family And Marital-sexual Norms)

I. Introduction

Ii. Terms And Forms Of Kinship

Iii. The Classificatory System Of Kinship And The Norms Of Sexual Intercourse And Marriage

Iv. Moral And Psychic Consequences Of The Sexual Norms

V. The Genesis Of The Gilyak Marriage Norms And The Kinship Terminology

Vi. The Dynamics Of The Destructive Conditions

Vii. The Phratry And Its Genesis

Viii. Cousin Marriage

Ix. The Gilyak Kinship System And Morgan's Hypothesis

X. Features Of The Classificatory System Among Other Peoples Of Northeast Asia

Xi. Sexual Life

Xii. Methods Of Obtaining A Wife

Xiii. Marriage Terms And Survivals Of Maternality

Xiv. Forms Of Concluding Marriage

Separate Materials On The Ethnography Of The Amur Gilyak (extracts From Notebooks And Diaries)

I. The Tribal And Clan Composition Of The Population Of The Lower Amur

Ii. A Legend About Pilavo (1)

Iii. Legends About The Past

Iv. The Union Of Clans And The Bear Festival

V. Slaves

Vi. The Family And The Clan

Vii. Religion

Viii. Beliefs And Rites Connected With Hunting And Fishing

Ix. Ideas About Animals

X. The Building Of A House, Its Plan, And Rites Connected With The House

Xi. Miscellanea

Separate Materials On The Ethnography Of The Sakhalin Gilyak

I. Religion

Ii. Hunting And Fishing

Iii. The Building Of A House And Rites And Ideas Connected With The House

Iv. Women, Childbirth, And Children

V. The Rescue Of A Drowning Man

Vi. Games

Vii. Miscellanea

Viii. Folklore (1)

The Sakhalin Gilyak (1)

I. The Origin Of The Gilyak And Features Of Their External Life

Ii. Family-clan Relations

Iii. Religious Views

Iv. Juridical Life

V Statistical Data

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: The Gilyak, Orochi, Goldi, Negidal, Ainu: articles and materials

Published By: Khabarovsk: Dal'giz, 1933. HRAF: iv, 554 p. [original:xxxix, 740 p., 5 plates]: [incomplete]

By line: Lev IAkovlevich Shternberg ; Edited and preface by IA. P. Al'Kor (Koshkin)

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Nivkh (RX02)

Subjects: Cultural identity and pride (186); Settlement patterns (361); Mythology (773); Spirits and gods (776); Athletic sports (526); Games (524); Sexual stimulation (832); Music (533); External relations (648); Kin relationships (602); Kinship terminology (601); Accumulation of wealth (556); Regulation of marriage (582); Polygamy (595); Kinship regulation of sex (835); Family relationships (593); Extramarital sex relations (837); Organized ceremonial (796); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Lineages (613); Gift giving (431); Judicial authority (692); Slavery (567); Informal in-group justice (627); Revelation and divination (787); Burial practices and funerals (764); Ethnobotany (824); Ethnozoology (825); External trade (439); History (175); Acculturation and culture contact (177);

Abstract: Shternberg's work is the most valuable ethnographical account on the Gilyak available. It describes religion, economy, and material culture - the latter somewhat sketchily - as well as changes due to Chinese trading activity and Russian colonisation. A greater part of the book, however, contains a detailed description and analysis of Gilyak kinship terminology and marriage rules. The analysis and succeeding conclusions on the development of Gilyak social organization are made in an effort to verify Engels' theory on the evolution of human society. Though of little objective value this analysis is of interest for the student of history of ethnological theory. The fact that the articles contained in this book were written at different points of time may account for inconsequences and contradictions in the ethnographical descriptions. Only from chapter XIV on does it become obvious that the first part of the book gives a strongly idealized picture of conditions among the Gilyak. The second part of the book discusses conditions actually witnessed by the author. In the forty pages introduction the editor (1933-Stalinistic era) judges Shternberg's work and personality from the Marxist viewpoint.

Document Number: 1

Document ID: rx02-001

Document Type: Component part(s), monograph

Language: English translation from Russian

Note: Translation of: [Giliaki, orochi, gol'dy, negidal'tsy, ainy; stati i materialy]. Translated for the HRAF files by Leo Bromwich and Norbert Ward, and prepared for HRAF by Joan Verosky. Only pages 1-388, mainly concerning the Gilyak are included.

Field Date: 1890-1897, 1910

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: Sigrid Khera ; 1967

Coverage Date: 1890-1930

Coverage Place: lower Amur River and Sakhalin Island, Russia

LCSH: Gilyaks


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