Turner, George, 1817 or 18-1891. Samoa, a hundred years ago and long before: together with notes on the cults and customs of twenty-three other islands in the Pacific

Table of Contents

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Chapter I. Position Of The Islands—early Visitors And Traditionary Origin.

Chapter Ii. Samoa. Origin Of The Name.

Chapter Iii. A Future State—religion, Etc.

Chapter Iv. Gods Superior—war And General Village Gods.

I. Aitu Langi, Or Gods Of Heaven.

2. Alii Tu, Or The God Who Stands.

3. Ave I Le Tala, Or Take To The End Of The House.

4. Fonge And Toafa.

5. Fanonga, Destruction.

6. Faamalu, Shade.

7. Faaola, Life-giver.

8. O Le Fe'e, The Cuttle-fish ( Octopus ).

9. Fuai Eangi, Beginner Of The Heavens.

10. Ga'e Fefe, Breathless Fear.

11. La'ala'a— Step Over.

12. Laa Maomao— The Great Step.

13. Mao Ma Uli— Mistake And Black.

14. Matuu— Heron, Or “ Andrea Sacra. ”

15. Moso.

16. Nafanua— Hidden Inland.

17. Nave.

18. Nonia.

19. O Le Nifo Loa— The Long Tooth.

20. Pava.

21. Pili Ma Le Maa— The Lizard And The Stone.

22. Stones.

23. Le Sa— The Sacred One.

24. Sili Vaai — Far-seeing.

25. Sa Fulu Sa— Of The Sacred Feather.

26. Sama— Yellow.

27. Salevao— Sacred One Of The Bush.

28. Sepo Malosi— Sepo The Strong.

29. Siuleo— Tail Of The Voice, Or Echo.

30. Taafanua— Walk The Land.

31. Tangaloa Langi— Tangaloa Of The Heavens.

32. Tapaai— Beckoning.

33. Taema— Glittering Black.

34. Taisumalie— Tide Gently Rising.

35. Tili Tili— Swift.

36. Titi Usi— Glittering Leaf Girdle.

37. Tongo— Mangrove.

38. Tu— Stand.

39. Tufi— To Pick Up.

40. Turia— Driven.

41. Tuifiti— King Of Fiji.

42. Tuna Ma Fata— The Eel And The Litter.

43. Vave— Swift.

Chapter V. Gods Inferior, Or Household Gods.

1. Aloimasina— Child Of The Moon.

2. Apelesa— Sacred Fulness.

3. Asomua— First Day.

4. Leatualoa— The Long God, Or The Centipede.

5. O Le Aumā— The Red Liver.

6. Iulautalo— Ends Of The Taro Leaf.

7. O Le Alii O Fiti— The Chief Ef Fiji.

8. Limulimuta— Sea-weed.

9. Moso'oi.

10. Fatupuaa Ma Le Fee— The Pig's Heart And The Octopus.

11. Pu'a.

12. Samani.

13. Satia.

14. Sengi Vave— Snatch Quickly.

15. Soesai.

16. Si'u— Extremity Or End.

17. Sina 'ai Mata— Sina The Eye-eater.

18. Tongo.

19. Tuialii— King Of Chiefs.

20. Tuipangota— The King Of Criminals.

21. Taumanupepe— Fight Creature Butterfly.

22. Ulavai— Fresh-water Prawn, Or Crayfishes.

Chapter Vi. The People—infancy And Childhood.

Chapter Vii. Adult And Advanced Years.

Chapter Viii. Food—cooking—liquors.

Chapter Ix. Clothing.

Chaptes X. Amusements.

Chapter Xi. Mortality, Longevity, Diseases, Etc.

Chapter Xii. Death And Burial.

Chapter Xiii. Houses.

Chapter Xiv. Canoes.

Chapter Xv. Articles Of Manufacture.

Chapter Xvi. Government And Laws.

Chapter Xvii. Wars.

Chapter Xviii. The Heavens, And The Heavenly Bodies.

Chapter Xix. The Origin Of Fire, And Other Stories.

Chapter Xx. Names Of The Islands. Illustrating Migrations, Etc.

Chapter Xxi. Political Divisions And Places Of Note On Upolu.

Chapter Xxii. Political Divisions And Places Of Note On Savaii.

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: Samoa, a hundred years ago and long before: together with notes on the cults and customs of twenty-three other islands in the Pacific

Published By: London: Macmillan and co., 1884. xviii, 395 p., plates [incomplete]: ill., map

By line: George Turner

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Samoans (OU08)

Subjects: Mythology (773); Animism (774); General character of religion (771); Spirits and gods (776); Extended families (596); Revelation and divination (787); Avoidance and taboo (784); Community structure (621); Community heads (622); Sacred objects and places (778); Priesthood (793); Trial procedure (695); Local officials (624); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Tillage (241); Techniques of socialization (861); Childbirth (844); Infant feeding (853); Verbal arts (5310); Regulation of marriage (582); Burial practices and funerals (764); Dwellings (342);

Abstract: This document is an early description of the culture of Samoa. It was written by a missionary who spent forty years in Oceania, a great part of this time in Samoa. The material here was originally published in an earlier work, Nineteen Years in Polynesia (1861), as part of a personal narrative. It has been separated, revised, and expanded and here takes the form of a book in itself. The author covers the fields of religious beliefs, social organization, and technology. The final chapters of that part of the book which has been processed for the files consist of notes on place names in Samoa.

Document Number: 16

Document ID: ou08-016

Document Type: Component part(s), monograph

Language: English

Note: Omitted : Chapter XXIII, Ethnological Notes from Other Islands, pages 267-350; Appendix, pages 351-376.

Field Date: 1840-ca. 1880

Evaluation: Missionary-5

Analyst: William W. Stein ; 1956

Coverage Date: 1840-1884

Coverage Place: Samoa

LCSH: Samoan Islands/Samoa


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