Gladwin, Thomas, 1916-. Truk: man in paradise

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Introduction

Truk: The Setting

“paradise”

The Outer Islands

History

Early Contacts

Traders

Law And Order: German Rule

Copra

Economic Change: The Japanese

Missionaries

Native Magicians

World War Ii: American Occupation

The People Today

Being A Trukese

The Lineage

Kinship Relations

Half-castes

Lineage Authority: Property And Persons

Food

Sharing

Contests

Production And Preparation

Fishing

Houses

Clothing

Transportation

Canoes

Imported Modern Boats

Maintenance

Skills: Material And Esoteric

Magic And Modern Medicine

Ghosts

Christianity

Political Administration

Romonum

The Baby

Birth

Naming

Feeding

Care Of The Baby

Weaning

Adoption

Illness And Death

The Child

Play

Strife

Discipline

Clothing

Care Of Younger Siblings

Learning Adult Tasks

Youth

Puberty

Kinship Roles

Brothers And Sisters

Brothers

Sisters

Parents

Work

Lovers

Liaisons

Incest Taboos

Extramarital Affairs

Initiating A Liaison

Love Magic

Adornments

Dances

Rendezvous

Intercourse

Love Scars

Marital Sexual Relations

Types Of Sexual Liaisons

Other Sexual Outlets

Sexual Joking

Marriage

Age At Marriage

Incest Taboos

Selecting A Partner

“trial” Marriage

Church And Administration

Arranging The Marriage

The Couple’s Choice

The Parents’ Choice

Residence

New Kinship Obligations And Benefits

Adultery And Divorce

Widows And Widowers

Polygyny

The Trukese Adult

Stages Of Adult Life

Motherhood

Pregnancy

Miscarriage

Childbirth

The Mother’s Activities

Daily Activities

Production And Preparation Of Food

Illness

Public Works

Copra

Working For Wages

Trips

Men’s Skills And Magic

Women’s Work

Sports

The Kin Group

Cooperative Obligations Of Kin

Group Rejection And Suicide

Group Conformity And Individual Initiative

Fights

Non-violent Aggression

Gossip

Sorcery

Ghosts

Life Goals

Old Age

Death

Attitudes To Death

Burial Customs

An Old Woman Dies

The Mourners

Preparing The Coffin And Grave

Gifts

The Funeral

Mourning

Eleanor: A Life History

The Psychological Data

The Sample

The Tests

Life Histories

Interpretive Procedure

Test Administration

Validity Of Projective Tests

Test Interpretation

Trukese Personality: Description

The Rorschach Records

Concreteness And Rigidity In Thinking

Delay Of Response

Strong Inhibitory Tendencies

Superficial Interpersonal Relations

Sexual Conflicts

Age Differences

Individual Differences

The Thematic Apperception Test Records

Conflict Between Men And Women

Parent-child Relationships

Food Anxiety

Separation Anxiety

A “lazy” Culture

Suppression Of Hostile Feeling

Evaluation Of The Test Results

Inconsistency In Child Care And Feeding

Conformity And The Suppression Of Strong Feeling

Sexual Conflicts

Conclusion

Trukese Personality: Development

Infancy And Childhood

Feeding

Other Bodily Needs

Sexual Attitudes

The Child’s Social Role

Parental Figures

Brothers And The Kin Group

Influence Of Siblings Versus Parents

Adoption

Internalization Of Norms

Social Placement

Play Groups

Changing Relations With Parents

Role Differentiation

The Literal View Of Life

Personality Of Trukese Children

From Adolescence To Old Age

The Boy Leaves Home: Brother-sister Taboo

The Solidarity Of Brothers

First Sexual Affairs

Development Of Sexual Maturity

Changing Relations Of Parents And Children

Marriage

Adultery

Children

Security Within The Kin Group

Twelve Trukese Men

Sam

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Mike

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Roger

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Andy

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Tony

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Edward

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Paul

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Charles

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Theodore

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Norman

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Kenneth

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Warren

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Eleven Trukese Women

Kate

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Sarah

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Frances

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Susan

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Eleanor

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Irene

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Ida

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Nancy

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Norma

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Rachel

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

Ruth

Rorschach

Thematic Apperception Test

Life History

A Review Of The Individual Records

The Tests: Some Methodological Problems

The Psychologist As A Source Of Error

The Informant As A Source Of Error

The Anthropologist As A Source Of Error

Congruence As A Criterion Of Test Validity

Congruence In The Individual Case

Conclusions

Conclusions

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: Truk: man in paradise

Published By: New York: Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, 1953. 655 p.: ill., maps

By line: Thomas Gladwin and Seymour B. Sarason

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 1999. Computer File

Culture: Chuuk (OR19)

Subjects: Personality development (155); Personality traits (157); Life history materials (159);

Abstract: This monograph is based primarily on seven months of field work that Gladwin undertook on the island of Romonum in the Chuuk group in 1947, and is supplemented by information obtained from other members of the Yale University team on Chuuk who were participating in the Coordinated Investigation of Micronesian Anthropology. The monograph is divided into two major divisions, the first of which presents data on the general ethnographic background of Chuuk, listed under the chapter headings of ”The Setting, The People Today, The Baby, The Child, Youth, Lovers, Marriage, The Trukese Adult, Death,“ and an example of Chuukese case history as illustrated by a woman called Eleanor. The second division of this work gives psychological data on the description and development of the Chuukese personality, and the technique used by the authors in their analyses (e. g. use of the Rorschach and the Thematic Apperception Tests). Twenty-three case histories are then presented (twelve men and eleven women) along with the final analysis of each personality on the basis of the results obtained from their performances on the Rorschach and the T.A.T. tests. The actual ”raw“ data obtained from these tests will be found in appendices A and B of this monograph. All test interpretations given in this work were done by Dr. Sarason, a psychologist, and these coupled with the ethnographic data gathered primarily by Gladwin, served as the basis of the latter’s Ph.D. thesis submitted to Yale University. Because of the poor quality of the originals, many of the illustrations could not be reproduced in this version.

Document Number: 2

Document ID: or19-002

Document Type: monograph

Language: English

Field Date: 1947-1951

Evaluation: Ethnologists-5

Analyst: John Beierle; 1964

Coverage Date: 1947-1951

Coverage Place: Romonum Island, Chuuk State, Federated States of Micronesia

LCSH: Trukese (Micronesian people)

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