Stevenson, Matilda Coxe Evans, 1850-1915. The Zuni Indians: their mythology, esoteric fraternities, and ceremonies

Table of Contents

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The Zuñi Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Fraternities, And Ceremonies

Introduction

Mythology

General Conceptions Of The Universe

Classification Of The Higher Powers

Beginnings Of The Universe

Creation Of The A'shiwi And Their Coming To The Outer World

Songs Of The Divine Ones Over The ˘et'towe

K˘ow'wituma Appoints Yä'n˘owwuluha Deputy To The Sun Father

Coming Of The Hopis, Pimas, And Navahos

Zuñi Explanation Of The Presence Of Mexicans

Coming Of The Witches And The Introduction Of Corn

A'shiwi Continue Their Journeying

Witches Give Seeds To The Corn Maidens

Origin Of The Ancestral Gods

Origin Of The Diminutive Gods Of War

Destruction Of The K˘ia'nakwe, And Songs Of Thanksgiving

Origin Of The Clans

A'shiwi Resume Their Journeying

Adoption Of The Two Surviving K˘ia'nakwe By The A'shiwi

A'shiwi Find The Middle Place

Origin Of The Ko'tikili

Discovery Of The Corn Maidens

Creation Of The Beast Gods

Origin Of The Bow Priesthood

Rediscovery Of The Corn Maidens And Their Re-creation Of Corn

Origin Of Animal Fetishes

Origin Of The Zuñi Salt Lake

Flight Of The A'shiwi To To'wa Yäl'länn˘e And Their Return To The Valley

Anthropic Worship And Ritual

Ki'wi T Siwe And Their Functions

History Myth Of The Coming Of The A'shiwi As Narrated By T Kˇiäklo

Rabbit Hunt With The Gods.

Coming Of Ko'loowisi (plumed Serpent) And Involuntary Initiation Into The Ko'tikili

Voluntary Initiation Into The Ko'tikili

Calendar And Calendric Ceremonials

Calendar

Winter Solstice Ceremonies

Winter Dances Of The Kor'kokshi

Summer Solstice Ceremonies A

A'shiwanni (rain Priesthood)

Installation Of An Associate Shi'wanni Of The North

Preparation And Planting Of Te'likinawe

Winter Retreat Of The Shi'wanni Of The Nadir A

Summer Retreat Of A Shi'wanni

T Hla'hewe Ceremonial For Rain And The Growth Of Corn

O'winahai'ye, Thanksgiving Festival For Crops

Ceremonies Of The Second Day

Ceremonies Of The Second Night

Quadrennial Dance Of The K˘ia'nakwe

Annual Festival Of The Sha'läko

Minor Ceremonies

Night Ceremonies Of The Council Of The Gods B In 1879

Night Ceremonies Of The Sha'läko Gods In 1891. A

Night Ceremonies Of The Ko'yemshi In 1896

Morning Ceremonies Of The Sha'läko In 1891.

Ceremonies Following The Sha'läko Festival Of 1891.

Retirement Of The Ko'yemshi And Accompanying Ceremonies

Bi□' T Si T Si A With The Mo'lawe, Fruit And Seed Bearers B

History, Arts, And Customs

Chronologic Summary Of Historical Events Connected With Zuñi 1539–1800

Native Accounts Of The Revolt Of 1680

Government

Property

List Of Clans

Social Customs

The Household

Natal Customs

Puberty Customs

Marriage Customs

Mortuary Customs

Games

Arts And Industries

House Building

Agriculture And Horticulture

Salt Gathering

Food And Drink

Dress And Adornment

Weaving

Basketry

Pottery

Silversmithing

Bead Making

Wagon Making

Auctioneering

Recent Changes In Arts And Industries

Physical Characters A

Medical Practice

Witchcraft

Esoteric Fraternities

Origin And Functions Of The Fraternities

Shi'wannakwe A

Ne'wekwe (galaxy Fraternity)

T Sän'iak˘iakwe (hunters Fraternity)

Rabbit Hunt

T Hle'wekwe (wood Fraternity), Or Sword Swallowers

The Mu'waiye B

February Ceremonial Of The T Hle'wekwe

Order Of The K˘iä'lä T Silo A (spruce Tree)

Ma' T Ke T Hlan'nakwe (great Fire Fraternity)

Order Of Kok'ko T Hlan'na

Initiation Into The Order Of O'naya'nak˘ia C

Fire Order Of The Ma' T Ke T Hlan'nakwe Sword Division

Origin Of The Sho'tik˘ianna, Arrow Division

Po' T Sikishi—division Of The Spruce Tree

U'huhukwe (eagle Down Fraternity)

Ceremonial Of Initiation Into O'naya'ank˘ia

Ceremonial Over A Sick Man

T Chi'k˘iälikwe (rattlesnake Fraternity)

Hä'lo□kwe (ant Fraternity)

Shu'maakwe

Ceremonial Of Initiation Into The Shu'maakwe

Ma' T Ke T San'nakwe (little Fire Fraternity)

Ceremonial Of Initiation Into O'naya'nak˘ia

Sun Dance Of The Pe'shä T Silo□kwe (cimex Fraternity)

Order Of Pa'yatämu Of The Little Fire Fraternity

T Ko'shi□kwe (cactus Fraternity)

A'pi□ T Läshiwanni (bow Priesthood)

Installation Of The Elder Brother Bow Priest

Ceremonial Of Initiation Into The Bow Priesthood

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Publication Information

Author:

Title: The Zuni Indians: their mythology, esoteric fraternities, and ceremonies

Published in: U.S. Bureau of American ethnology. Twenty-third annual report. 1901-1902

Published By: U.S. Bureau of American ethnology. Twenty-third annual report. 1901-1902 Washington: Government Printing Office, 1904. 1-634 p., 129 plates (41 in color)

By line: by Matilda Coxe Stevenson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Zuni (NT23)

Subjects: Mythology (773); Priesthood (793); Organized ceremonial (796); Congregations (794); Sacred objects and places (778); Dance (535); Literary texts (539); Sorcery (754);

Abstract: This document is a long and extremely detailed description of some aspects of Zuni culture during the late nineteenth century. It is not a study of the whole culture and includes only sketches of their everyday life, arts and customs. It concentrates on Zuni mythology, esoteric fraternities and ceremonies. Other topics covered include anthropic worship and ritual, calendar and calendric ceremonials, the rain priesthood, the Shalako festival, history, witchcraft, and medical practices. Stevenson originally accompanied her husband to help in his ethnographic work, but when he died, determined to complete what she thought to be his mission. The effects of her personality can still be observed in present-day Zuni.

Document Number: 4

Document ID: nt23-004

Document Type: Essay

Language: English

Field Date: 1879-1900

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: Timothy J. O'Leary ; 1961: John Beierle; 2007

Coverage Date: 1879-1900

Coverage Place: Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico, United States

LCSH: Zuni Indians

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