Stern, Theodore. Livelihood and tribal government on the Klamath Indian Reservation

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Title: Livelihood and tribal government on the Klamath Indian Reservation

Published in: Human organization -- Vol. 20

Published By: Human organization -- Vol. 20 Washington, D.C.: The Society for Applied Anthropology, 1962. 172-180 p.

By line: Theodore Stern

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Klamath (NR10)

Subjects: Real property (423); Tribe and nation (619); Deliberative councils (646); Public welfare (657); Political parties (665); Elections (666);

Abstract: This article is an examination of the vitality and effectiveness of the Klamath Indian tribal government and its relationship to the tribal economy. By privatizing reservation land, the Dawes Act (1895) was designed to break up the tribal 'mass' and to 'individualize' the Indians. However, in the case of the Klamath, a large tract of forest land (860,000 acres), unsuitable for farming, continued to be held in common and administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs which later leased it to commercial lumber interests. In 1950, the per capita income earned by reservation Indians from commercial lumbering exceeded the median county family income. This dependency on an assured income and contentment with the status quo undermined Klamath economic diversification and development, weakened tribal solidarity, and engendered general political apathy. The more politically active did form factions and vied for control over various executive committees within the General Council, however, the factions did not have wide support because they did not control the tribes most valuable resource: its timberland.

Document Number: 10

Document ID: nr10-010

Document Type: Journal Article

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: 1949-58

Evaluation: Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: Ian Skoggard ; 1996

Coverage Date: 1864-1958

Coverage Place: Klamath County, Oregon, United States

LCSH: Klamath Indians

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