John Reed, 1873-1958
Social organization and social usages of the Indians
of the Creek Confederacy
Washington, DC: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1928.
23-472 p.: ill.
By line: by John R. Swanton
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
HRAF, 2009. Computer File
Traditional history (173);
Literary texts (539);
Public structures (344);
Community structure (621);
Offenses and sanctions (680);
Burial practices and funerals (764);
This document is the first part of a
comprehensive ethnography of the Indians of the Creek confederacy. The second
part, that deals with religion and medicine will be found in document 2:Swanton.
Swanton has worked with historical materials as well as directly with Creek
remnants in Oklahoma. Large sections of the document are quotations from earlier
writers who had direct contact with functioning traditional Creek culture. Most
of the work is concerned with descriptions of Muskogee, Alabama, and
Hitchiti-speaking groups. However, frequent reference is made to Chickasaw,
Choctaw, Natchez, Cherokee, and other southeastern tribes. Swanton includes
sections on Creek traditional history, Creek towns and town organization, law
and government, kinship, and general customs. Diagrams of town squares and
seating arrangements therein are furnished in all possible cases. Swanton has
organized in tabular form lists of Creek towns and their associations with each
other, as well as Creek clans and clan-linkages.
Document ID: nn11-001
W. W. Stein; 1956; John Beierle;