Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958. Social organization and social usages of the Indians of the Creek Confederacy

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Publication Information


Title: Social organization and social usages of the Indians of the Creek Confederacy

Published By: Washington, DC: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1928. 23-472 p.: ill.

By line: by John R. Swanton

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Creek (NN11)

Subjects: Traditional history (173); Literary texts (539); Clans (614); Public structures (344); Community structure (621); Offenses and sanctions (680); Marriage (580); Burial practices and funerals (764); Warfare (726);

Abstract: This document is the first part of a comprehensive ethnography of the Indians of the Creek confederacy. The second part, that deals with religion and medicine will be found in document 2:Swanton. Swanton has worked with historical materials as well as directly with Creek remnants in Oklahoma. Large sections of the document are quotations from earlier writers who had direct contact with functioning traditional Creek culture. Most of the work is concerned with descriptions of Muskogee, Alabama, and Hitchiti-speaking groups. However, frequent reference is made to Chickasaw, Choctaw, Natchez, Cherokee, and other southeastern tribes. Swanton includes sections on Creek traditional history, Creek towns and town organization, law and government, kinship, and general customs. Diagrams of town squares and seating arrangements therein are furnished in all possible cases. Swanton has organized in tabular form lists of Creek towns and their associations with each other, as well as Creek clans and clan-linkages.

Document Number: 1

Document ID: nn11-001

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Field Date: 1911-1912

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: W. W. Stein; 1956; John Beierle; 2008

Coverage Date: 1700-1912

Coverage Place: southeastern United States and Oklahoma

LCSH: Creek Indians


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