Tooker, Elisabeth. The Iroquois ceremonial of Midwinter

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Title: The Iroquois ceremonial of Midwinter

Published By: Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1970. [xii], 189 p.: ill., map

By line: Elisabeth Tooker

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 1996. Computer File

Culture: Iroquois (NM09)

Subjects: Sociocultural trends (178); Cultural participation (184); Dance (535); General character of religion (771); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Organized ceremonial (796);

Abstract: Traditionally the Midwinter Ceremonial was the largest and most complex of Iroquois rituals. This study is divided into three major parts. In part I the author describes some of the basic principles of Iroquois ritualism, which are then interpreted in terms of the various components of the ceremonial itself (part II). In this section Tooker discusses cultural variations between different members of the Iroquois League (e.g., Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga), and changes that have been introduced in the ritual during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Part III of this work presents the Midwinter Ceremonial in historical perspective. Here, through the eyewitness accounts of Halliday Jackson, Mary Jemison, Thaddeus Osgood, Lewis Henry Morgan, and J. V. H. Clark the Midwinter Ceremonial is described in detail as it was originally performed during the eighteenth through nineteenth centuries.

Document Number: 55

Document ID: nm09-055

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes index.|Bibliography: p. 179-183

Field Date: 1958-1966 (p. xi)

Evaluation: Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: John Beierle ; 1994

Coverage Date: variable

Coverage Place: United States and Canada

LCSH: Iroquois Indians


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