Mason, Leonard. The Swampy Cree: a study in acculturation

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Title: The Swampy Cree: a study in acculturation

Published By: Ottawa: Queen's Printer, 1967. 75 p.: ill.

By line: by Leonard Mason

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Western Woods Cree (NG08)

Subjects: HISTORY (175); ACCULTURATION AND CULTURE CONTACT (177); SOCIOCULTURAL TRENDS (178); FOOD QUEST (220); TILLAGE (241); DWELLINGS (342); EXTERNAL TRADE (439); TRAVEL (484); PUBLIC WELFARE (657); SHAMANS AND PSYCHOTHERAPISTS (756); REVELATION AND DIVINATION (787);

Abstract: This document attempts to show the effect of acculturation upon a few institutions of the Cree where history has provided sufficient data with which to follow their story. In general, Cree acculturation has been characterized by an ebb and flow of white contacts, peaks of frenzied activity in the fur trade, and ecological limitation on attainment of new living standards in the twentieth century. Mission and government created some problems for the Cree in introduced innovations. The same agencies also became the primary basis of support for Cree Indians when the profitable fur trade declined. Although important areas of local culture were abandoned in the process, many traditional values remained viable, as manifested in religious belief, in the attitudes about community authority, and in an identification with the life of the land, i.e., animals, fish, and plants, which even in 1940 [during the author's fieldwork] , were utilized to a great extent for food and medicine as in the 'Golden Age' of their aboriginal ancestors (p. xi).

Document Number: 1

Document ID: ng08-001

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English and French

Note: Cover title. Summary in French and English.

Field Date: 1938, 1940

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: John Beierle ; 2006

Coverage Date: 1611-1940

Coverage Place: Oxford House Band, Swampy Cree, Manitoba, Canada

LCSH: Cree Indians--Social life and customs/Acculturation

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