Brink, J. H. van den, 1925-. The Haida Indians: cultural change mainly between 1876-1970

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter One: Introduction

The Material

Brief Sketch Of The Contact History Of The Haida

The Constant Factors In The Physical Environment

Mineral Resources

Relevant Aspects Of The Traditional Culture

Historical Demography

Chapter Two: Cultural Change Between 1774 And 1876

Introduction

Distribution Of The Haida Over Their Geographical Area

Trade, Material Culture, And Technology

Internal Relations And Relations With Other Indians

The Potlatch And Associated Cultural Expressions

Religion, Disease, And Disease Control

Interethnic Relations With Non-indians And The Difference In This Respect Between The Northern And Southern Haida

The Approach Of A New Period

Chapter Three: Cultural Change Between 1876 And 1900

Introduction

The Work Of The Missionaries

Material Culture

Food And Stimulants

The Natural Environment And Changes In It

Demography And Settlements

Social And Political Organization

Internal Relations And Relations With Other Indians

Potlatch And Wealth

Handicrafts And Art

Games And Feasts

Religion And Ritual

Cultural Transmission And Language

Disease And Disease Control

The Exercise Of Administrative Authority By Missionaries And Government Officials; Some Aspects Of Governmental Policy

Interethnic Relations With Europeans And Other Non-indians

Relations With Employers And Their Enterprises

Similarities And Differences Between The Northern And Southern Haida In Their Contact With Western Culture In This Period (1876–1900)

Appendix

I. Masset (see Map 2 )

No. 1

No. 2

No. 3

No. 4

No. 5

No. 6

No. 7

No. 8

No. 9

No. 10

No. 11

No. 12

No. 13

No. 14

No. 15

No. 16

Ii. Skidegate (see Map 2 )

No. 1

No. 2

No. 3

No. 4

No. 5

No. 6

No. 7

No. 8

No. 9

Chapter Four: Cultural Change In The Period Between 1900 And 1940 *

Introduction

The Influence Of The Administration Of Indian Affairs

Material Culture

Food And Stimulants

Social And Political Organization

Demography And Settlements

Natural Environment And Changes In It

Intratribal Relations And Relations With Neighbouring Tribes

Potlatch And Wealth

The Arts And Crafts

Games And Feasts

Disease And Disease Control

Cultural Transmission And Language

Church Work

Local Government

Interethnic Relations With Non-indians, Particularly Europeans And Asians. Relations With Employers And Various Enterprises

A) Relations With Europeans

1. Conflicts Arising From Ownership Or Use Of Land Or Fishing Waters

2. Differences Arising From Discriminatory Attitudes Of Non-indians

B. Relations With Asians

C) Relations With Employers And Business Enterprises

Similarities And Differences Between The Northern And Southern Haida In Their Contact With Western Culture In This Period (1900–1940)

Chapter Five: Cultural Change In The Period Between 1940 And 1970 *

Introduction

Indian Policy Of The Federal Government

Material Culture

Food And Stimulants

Social And Political Organization

Relationship Between Generations

Marriage

Demography And Settlements

Natural Environment And Changes In It

Intratribal Relations And Relations With Neighbouring Tribes

Potlatch And Wealth; Status And Rank Symbols; Names

The Potlatch

The Arts And Handicrafts

Games And Feasts

Disease And Disease Control

Culture Transmission

The Work Of The Churches

Church And Other Religious Movements

Indian Administration

Interethnic Relations With Europeans

Relations With Employers

A. Commerical Fishery And The Fish Canneries

B. Logging And Marginal Industries

Similarities And Differences Between The Northern And Southern Haida In Their Contact With Western Culture In This Period (1940–1970)

Chapter Six: Comparative Analysis Of The Development In The Region In Modern Times

Introduction

General Situation Of The Indians In Relation To The Other Canadians

Differences Between Indian Communities

The Kaigani Of Alaska

Chapter Seven: Interpretation Of The Changes In The Haida Culture And Society

Characteristic Phases In The Process Of Change In Oceania And The Indian Cultures Of North America

Evaluation Of The Processes Of Change Among The Haida On The Basis Of Spicer's Contact Types

Minority, Integration, And Identity

Appendix 1: Godfrey M. Kelly

Appendix 2: Biographical Note On Dr Peter R. Kelly

Summary

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: The Haida Indians: cultural change mainly between 1876-1970

Published By: Leiden: E. J. Brill . 1974. x, 275 p. ill., maps

By line: J. H. van den Brink

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2017. Computer File

Culture: Haida (NE09)

Subjects: Historical and archival research (127); History (175); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Settlement patterns (361); External trade (439); Community heads (622); (649); Public welfare (657); Missions (797);

Abstract: This is an ethnohistory of the Haida based on archival research, and interviews and correspondence with informants. The author relies on Murdock’s earlier studies for discussing traditional culture. The history of contact is divided into four periods: 1) early contact and fur trade (1774-1876); 2) missionary period and resettlement (1876-1900); 3) the economic development of the fishery and lumbering industries (1900-1940); and 4) changes in government policy towards indigenous populations since the Second World War (1940-1970). The book includes a comprehensive survey of the different communities prior to their resettlement and concentration.

Document Number: 7

Document ID: ne09-007

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 268-272) and index

Field Date: 1964-1965

Evaluation: Ethnologist-4, 5

Analyst: Ian Skoggard; 2016

Coverage Date: 1774-1970

Coverage Place: Haida Gwaii, British Columbia, Canada

LCSH: Haida Indians//Social change--Case studies

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