Coon, Carleton Stevens, 1904-1981. Tribes of the Rif:

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part One Culture

Chapter I Introduction

Tribal Boundaries

Physical Geography

Vegetation

Conifers

Other Trees

Climate

Fauna

Mammalia

Ungulata

Suidae

Rodentia

Muridae

Leporidae

Hystricides

Insectivores

Erinaecidae

Carnivora

Viveridae

Mustelidae

Felidae

Canidae

Hyaenidae

Primates

Chiroptera

Other Animals

Chapter Ii Traditions Of Origin: Ghomara, Senhaja, And Rif

Ghomara

Senhaja

Rif

Chapter Iii Recorded History Of The Rif

Pre-islamic History

First Arab Invasions

The Kingdom Of Nekor

Other Early Centers

Arrival Of The Bedawin

The Zenatan Invasion

Chapter Iv Material Culture

Hunting

Fishing

Animal Husbandry

Land Transport

Navigation

Agriculture And The Gathering Of Wild Plants

Food Preparation And Eating

Chapter V Material Culture (continued)

Metal Work

Manufacture Of Gunpowder

Preparation And Working Of Leather

Woodwork And Carpentry

Manufacture Of Tar

House Types

Household Furniture

Pottery

Wood, Skin, And Iron Containers

Basketry

Textiles

Clothing

Tattooing

Use Of Henna

Use Of Kohl

Chapter Vi Social Organization

Kinship Groups And Political Divisions

Social Classes

Chapter Vii Government And Warfare

Representative Councils

Duties Of The Village Council

Duties Of The Council Of The Great

Duties Of The Tribal Council

Inter-tribal Warfare

Chapter Viii Markets

Chapter Ix Public Buildings And Public Instruction

Mosques And Saints' Tombs

Education

Chapter X Judicial And Clerical Officers; Laws Governing Inheritance

Chapter Xi Crises In The Life Of The Individual

Birth

Names And Naming

The First Haircut

Circumcision

Marriage

Divorce

Death And Burial

Chapter Xii Religion

Religious Brotherhoods

Saints

Celebrations

Supernatural Beings

Chapter Xiii Magic

Baraka

Theira

Theira Of The Jnun

Old Women's Magic

Shame-compulsions

Oaths

The Evil Eye

Interpretation Of Dreams

Chapter Xiv Analysis Of The Distribution Of Cultural Factors

Chapter Xxv Culture, Tradition, And Race. Conclusions Regarding Berber Origins

Culture And Race

Tradition And Race

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: Tribes of the Rif:

Published By: Cambridge, Mass.: Peabody Museum of Harvard University, 1931. xviii, 417 p., 67 plates: [incomplete]

By line: Carleton Stevens Coon

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Berbers of Morocco (MX03)

Subjects: Traditional history (173); History (175); Tillage (241); Pastoral activities (233); Fishing (226); Hunting and trapping (224); Food preparation (252); Dwellings (342); Normal garb (291); Community councils (623); Judicial authority (692); Property offenses (685); Instigation of war (721); Aftermath of combat (727); Congregations (794); Nuptials (585); Burial practices and funerals (764); Organized ceremonial (796);

Abstract: This source covers the Berber tribes of the Rif, an area along the northern coast of Spanish Morocco. It deals in particular with three adjoining sub-areas: Rif, Ghomara, and Northern Senhaja. The book covers first the geography, traditional history, and recorded history of the area. There follows a thorough treatment of material culture, social organization, government and warfare, markets, public buildings and instruction, officers, life crises, religion, magic, and an analysis of the distribution of cultural traits. The many distribution maps are particularly useful. The author undertook the fieldwork on which this book is based when he was a graduate student in anthropology at Harvard University. Mr. David M. Hart, a graduate student in anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania, and recently returned from two years fieldwork in the Rif, supplied the following information which supplements Coon's observations: 'A dual organization does exist among the Rif......each tribe in the Rif is split in half politically, and each of these halves not only fights the other one, but brings in, in most cases, other whole tribes or segments of tribes to help it out. This...is called liff; the only liff that Coon mentions is the smaller type within each tribal segment. These small lifuf (pl. of liff) constantly change; the big ones do not. Aith Wariyaghar, for example, is divided into five primary segments; two of these are in one liff, two in the other, and the fifth is split in half, part of it on one side and part on the other. In Aith 'Ammarth there are four segments, and a two-way split. In Igzannayen, with five segments, it is three and two. In Asht Tuzin (as I recall) each of the five segments is split in half' (p. 91). 'While the village council may be composed of boys in Igzinnayen, this is not the case in Aith Wariyaghar or any of the other tribes. In these groups, adult men form the village council' ( p. 96). 'In his chapter on markets, Coon discusses women's markets, but fails to point out their distribution. They are located only in the lowlands and median slopes of Aith Wariyaghar; there are none elsewhere and none in the high mountains of that tribe. Although most of the other tribes have traditions of having had women's markets in the past, none have them now' (p. 110).

Document Number: 1

Document ID: mx03-001

Document Type: Component part(s), monograph

Language: English

Note: The material has been marked only for the MX3 Rif file. Pages 175-405, dealing with the comparative physical anthropology of the Rif, have been omited; pages 406-418, containing the author's conclusions as to Berber origins, and a general bibliography, have been included in the file.

Field Date: 1926-1927

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: James R. Leary ; 1958

Coverage Date: 1900-1931

Coverage Place: Rif, Morocco

LCSH: Berbers//Anthropometry--Morocco//Ethnology--Morocco//Rif Mountains (Morocco)//Morocco--Social life and customs

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