Chapelle, Jean. Black nomads of the Sahara:

Table of Contents

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Untitled Section: ...

Introduction

1. First Encounter With The Toubous.

2. The Toubous As A Whole.

3. The Toubous And The Explorers.

4. The Anthropological Problem.

5. Unity And Diversity.

Part One

Chapter One Glimpses Of The Past

1. First Human Traces.

2. The “troglodytes”.

3. The Toubous In History.

4. Tibesti, Pole Of Attraction And Dispersion.

5. Relations With Neighboring Countries.

6. The Arab Invasions Of The Xixth Century.

7. Convergences On Chad.

Chapter Ii The Toubou People

A. Tibesti. Northern And Western Oases

1. The Toubous Of Tibesti.

2. The Toubous Of The Northern Oases.

3. The Toubous Of The Western Oases.

B. Borkou, Ennedi, Ouadai

4. The Toubous Of Borkou.

5. The Toubou Of Ennedi.

6. The Toubou Of Ouadaï.

C. Bahr-el-ghazal, Kanem.

7. The Toubou Of Bahr-el-ghazal.

8. The Toubou Of Kanem.

D. Southwest

9. The Toubou Of N'guigmi.

10. The Toubou Of Gouré.

11. The Toubou Of Bornu.

Chapter Iii In Toubou Country

1. The Camp.

2. The Journey.

Part Two

Chapter Iv Exploitation Of The Sahara Milieu

1. The Herd.

2. Gathering.

3. Gardens And Palm Groves.

4. The Hunt; The Azza, Professional Hunters.

5. Handicraft; The Azza, Professional Craftsmen.

6. Caravan Trading.

7. Resources And Needs.

Chapter V Domestic Life

1. Food.

2. The Tent.

3. Clothing And Ornaments.

4. Weapons And Harness.

5. Health Care And Remedies.

Chapter Vi Birth And Death *

1. Childhood.

2. The Conjugal Relationship.

3. Family Obligations.

4. Death.

Chapter Vii Life In Society

1. Social Rituals And Obligations.

2. Customary Sanctions, French Law.

3. War.

Chapter Viii Clan Organization

1. The Castes.

2. The Toubou Clan.

3. Political And Administrative Districts.

Chapter Ix The Religion Of The Toubou

1. Islam.

Conclusion

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

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Author:

Title: Black nomads of the Sahara:

Published By: Paris: Librairie Plon, 1957. HRAF ms: 1, 348, 15 leaves [Original: 8, 449 p.]

By line: Jean Chapelle

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Teda (MS22)

Subjects: Cultural identity and pride (186); Ethos (181); Internal migration (166); External migration (167); Settlement patterns (361); Water supply (312); (23); Tribe and nation (619); Clans (614); Traditional history (173); Normal garb (291); History (175); External relations (648); Annual cycle (221); Offenses against life (682); Status, role, and prestige (554); Culture summary (105); Location (131); ;

Abstract: This is a study of the nomadic Teda (Toubou) living primarily within the boundaries of Libya, northeastern Nigeria, Chad and Sudan, with particular emphasis on those in Tibesti in Chad. After a brief study of early historical contacts between Teda and other non-Teda groups (including Europeans), Chapelle proceeds to a lengthy discussion of the various groups of Teda found within the geographical boundaries mentioned above. These groups consist of the Teda of Tibesti, and the northern and western oases; Borku, Ennedi and Wadai; Bahr-el-Ghazal and Kanem; and the southwest. Information on the Zaghawa people whom the author lumps under Teda in his discussion of the Borku, Ennedi and Wadai division are considered from the standpoint of the Outline of World Cultures to be a Bideyat (MS5) group. Information on this group, therefore, has been subheaded for the MS5 Bideyat file. The remainder of the source deals with the exploitation of the environment, material culture, life cycle events, clan organization and religion. Outside of the discussion on clan organization, there is relatively little other information in this source on other aspects of the social structure or social organization. Despite this, however, the source does represent a fairly well-rounded account of the Teda for the period studied by the author (ca. 1930-1955).

Document Number: 8

Document ID: ms22-008

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English translation from French

Note: Translation of: [Nomades noires du Sahara]. Translated for the HRAF files by Frieda Schütze.

Field Date: ca. 1930-1955

Evaluation: Government Official-4,5

Analyst: John Beierle ; Jan Simpson ; 1982

Coverage Date: 1930-1937

Coverage Place: Teda communities in Chad and Sudan

LCSH: Teda (African people)//Tibbu (African people)

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