Berglund, Axel-Ivar. Zulu thought-patterns and symbolism

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Introduction

Scope Of The Study

Field Work

Some Informants

Literature On Zulu

Definitions

Magic

Ceremony, Ceremonial And Ritual, Rite

Sacrifice, Offering And Communion

Symbol

Shades, Elders, Seniors And Survivors

Traditional, Traditionalist And Pagan

Notes

Chapter Ii Divinities

The Lord-of-the-sky

The Lord-of-the-sky And Creation

The Lord-of-the-sky And The Shades

The Praise-names Of The Lord-of-the-sky

The Lord-of-the-sky, Thunder And Lightning

The Worship Of The Lord-of-the-sky

The Lord-of-the-sky And The Heaven-herds

The Lord-of-the-sky, Black And White

The Lord-of-the-sky, Rain And The Rain-maker

The Heavenly Queen

The Princess And Her Cult

Notes

Chapter Iii The Shades

Introduction

Death

Man

Umufi, Isidumbu And Umzimba

Umphefumulo

Umoya

Isithunzi

Shade Names

Idlozi

Ithongo

Abaphansi

Umhlabathi

Isithutha

Umlwane

Umzimu

Unkulunkulu, Inkosi, Abakithi

Isithonga And Isithoza, Isithinzi

Unyanya

Shade Manifestations

Snakes

Dreams

The Hut

1. Umsamo

2. The Hearth

3. The Doorway Arch

Cattle And The Cattle Enclosure

The Earth, Imphepho And Imphephotshani

Man

Omens

The Shades And Kinship

Notes

Chapter Iv The Shades Brood Over Men

Notes

Chapter V Diviners—servants Of The Shades

A Diviner's Call

Accepting The Call

Training

Coming Out

A Diviner's Equipment—symbolic Associations

The Hut And Its Equipment

Diviner's Dress

Diviner's Calabash And Carrying-ring

Knife/spear

Snake-fat And Snake Vertebrae

Diviner's Switch

Classification And Numbers Of Diviners

Notes

Chapter Vi Communion With The Shades

Introduction

Ihubo, The Clan Song

Cattle

Inkomo Yamadlozi

Ukwendisa Or Imbeka Cattle

Izinkomo Zemzimu

Ritual Beer-drinking

Ritual Killing

A Ritual Killing

Analysis Of A Ritual Killing

1. The Occasion And Participants, The Homestead

2. Technical Terms And Occasions Of A Killing

3. The Promise

4. Washing

5. The Officiant And Helpers

6. The Choice Of Animal And Slaughter

7. Communion With The Shades

The Invocation

Burning Of Isiko

Closing Devotion

8. The Ritual Dance

9. The Carcass—symbolic Associations

Notes

Chapter Vii Anger And Fertility As Expressions Of Power

Introduction

The Channels And Character Of Power

The Lord-of-the-sky

The Clan And Lineage

Material Substances

Legitimate Use Of Power

Illegitimate Use Of Anger

Ubuthakathi And Its Reality

Through Anger To Ubuthakathi

Becoming A Witch

Being A Witch

Familiars

1. Umkhovu

2. Impaka

3. Tikoloshe

4. Snakes

5. Baboons, Dogs And Owls

6. Lovers

The Techniques Of Ubuthakathi

1. Witchcraft

2. Ukudlisa, Sorcery

3. Ukuphonsa

Notes

Chapter Viii Resisting Evil

The Field Of Operation And Destruction Of Abathakathi

The Field Of Operation

The Destruction Of Abathakathi

The Defenders

The Shades

The Diviners

Seniors And Authority

Herbalists

Confessions

Terminology

The Confession

Occasions And Those Concerned

The First Fruits Festival

Christmas Celebrations

Expelling Fluid

As A Purification From Evil

1. Vomiting And Emetics

2. Spitting

3. Male Emission

As A Symbol Of Innocence

As A Symbol Of Healing And Fertility

Notes

Chapter Ix Medicines

Medicine And Manipulators

Medicines And Morality

Medical Treatment And Symbolism

Antagonistic Associations

Sympathetic Associations

Symbols Accepted

Visually Suggestive Symbols

The Symbol In Treatment

Notes

Chapter X Inversions And Funerary Reversals

Inversions

Funerary Inversions

Reversals And The Underworld

Shades, Diviners And Inversions

Analysis Of Funerary Inversions

Reversals And Rites Of Passage

Notes

Chapter Xi Conclusion

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: Zulu thought-patterns and symbolism

Published By: Uppsala: Swedish Institute of Missionary Research, 1976. 402 p.: ill., map

By line: [by] Axel-Ivar Berglund

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Zulu (FX20)

Subjects: THEORETICAL ORIENTATION IN RESEARCH AND ITS RESULTS (121); DOMESTICATED ANIMALS (231); ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES (273); PHARMACEUTICALS (278); TOILET (302); ELIMINATION (514); LINEAGES (613); SORCERY (754); MEDICAL THERAPY (757); MEDICAL PERSONNEL (759); LIFE AND DEATH (761); CULT OF THE DEAD (769); RELIGIOUS BELIEFS (770); RELIGIOUS PRACTICES (780); MAGICIANS AND DIVINERS (791); ORGANIZED CEREMONIAL (796); IDEAS ABOUT NATURE AND PEOPLE (820);

Abstract: This is a study of Zulu ritual beliefs and practices presented from the Zulu point of view. In order to present the Zulu point of view, the author quotes extensively from conversations and interviews he had with Zulu diviners and others and presents materials in a descriptive rather than analytic fashion. The main topics covered by the study are beliefs about spirits and divinities, diviners and divination, witchcraft and sorcery, ritual practices, and symbolism and dualism in Zulu thought.

Document Number: 8

Document ID: fx20-008

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Originally presented as the author's thesis, University of Cape Town. Includes bibliographical references (p. 390-396) and index Footnotes appear at the end of each chapter and have only been indexed for subjects when they contain important information. To find the footnotes use the OCM subject INFORMATION SOURCES LISTED IN OTHER WORKS (113).

Field Date: 1959-1970

Evaluation: Ethnographer, Missionary-5

Analyst: Eleanor C. Swanson ; Martin Malone ; 1979

Coverage Date: 1959-1970

Coverage Place: Mapumulo Village, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

LCSH: Zulu (African people)

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