Gluckman, Max, 1911-1975. The Kingdom of the Zulu of South Africa

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Title: The Kingdom of the Zulu of South Africa

Published in: African political systems, edited by Meyer Fortes … [et al.]

Published By: African political systems, edited by Meyer Fortes … [et al.] London: Published for the International African Institute by the Oxford University Press, 1955. 25-55 p.

By line: Herman Max Gluckman

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Zulu (FX20)

Subjects: ACCULTURATION AND CULTURE CONTACT (177); STATUS, ROLE, AND PRESTIGE (554); INGROUP ANTAGONISMS (578); TERRITORIAL HIERARCHY (631); DISTRICTS (634); PROVINCES (635); CHIEF EXECUTIVE (643); PARLIAMENT (646); INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (648); PUBLIC WELFARE (657); REVOLUTION (669); MILITARY ORGANIZATION (701); ETHNOSOCIOLOGY (829);

Abstract: This source presents a comparative study of Zulu political organization in the mid-19th century under King Mpande and in the mid-20th century under European rule. After a brief introductory section on cultural history, the discussion turns to an analysis of the role of the king, the various chiefs of the political order and their relationship to and integration into the kinship system of the traditional Zulu period. As with other sources in this file, no clear definition is given of what constitutes a 'chief' -- references are sometimes given to a tribal chief, at other times to a ward head (INDUNA) and frequently the reference is only to 'chief' alone without any political point of reference. Under European rule the political structure has changed considerably. The Zulu king still exists, but primarily as a ceremonial figure. Under reserve administration the various Zulu tribes are grouped into magisterial districts, each under the supervision of a chief with limited judicial authority. The real political power today is vested in the European magistrate who is the superior political and judicial officer in KwaZulu-Natal. The comparisons and contrasts between these two political systems constitute the major bulk of the material in this source.

Document Number: 5

Document ID: fx20-005

Document Type: Essay

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: 1936-1938

Evaluation: Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: John Beierle ; 1979

Coverage Date: ca.1450-1938

Coverage Place: KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

LCSH: Zulu (African people)

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