Baxter, P.T.W.. The Azande, and related peoples of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and Belgian Congo

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part I The Azande Group Of Tribes

I. General

Introduction

Nomenclature

Location 5

Population

Language

Characteristics Of The Zande Language 20

Physical Characteristics

Temperament, Manners, And Habits

Dress

Tribal Marks And Personal Ornamentation

Crafts

Ii. An Outline Of Zande History

The Indigenes And The Sudanic Invasions

The Mangbetu

The Avungara Invasion

The Ambomu

Traders And Slavers

European Conquest

Missions

Internal Development

The Zande Scheme

Iii. Classification Of Incorporated, Subject, And Neighbouring Peoples

A. Peoples Ruled And Influenced By The Azande

(i) Peoples Completely “ Zandeized ”

(ii) Peoples Ruled And Greatly Influenced By The Azande

(iii) Peoples Slightly Influenced By Or Neighbouring The Azande, But In General Politically Separate

(iv) Notes On Other Names Relating To Zande Or “zandeized” Populations

B. Peoples Ruled And Influenced By The Mangbetu

Iv. Ecology 1

Mode Of Life

The Agricultural Year

Food Production And Diet

The Homestead

Division Of Labour And The Position Of Women

V. The Formal Political Structure Of Zande Society

The Political Authority Of The Avungara

Chiefs

Deputies

Political And Social Status

Ambomu And Auro

Slavery

Status Of Women

Commoners

Avungara

The Avungara Myths

The Legal Authority Of The Avungara Chiefs

The “legal” Importance Of The Zande Oracle

Economic Organization

Military Organization

Vi. Social And Kinship Organization

Zande Clans

Incest And Exogamy Rules

Kinship

Affines

Marriage

Divorce

Extra-marital Relations

Birth

Twins

Adoption

Status

Circumcision

Blood-brotherhood

Death

Mourning

Avungara Funerary Rites 65

Vii. Witchcraft, Oracles, And Magic

The Nature Of Witchcraft

Witchcraft As The Cause Of Misfortune

Witchcraft And Moral Notions

Mechanism Of Witchcraft

Counter-action

Action Of Murdered Victim’s Kin

The Conscious Agency Of Witchcraft

Dreams And Witchcraft

Gall-bladder Men And Other Agencies Of Misfortune

Witch-doctors 26

Leeches, Leechcraft, And Sickness

Classification Of Diseases

Treatment

Oracles 43

The Benge Or Poison Oracle

Consultation Of The Poison Oracle

The Administration Of Benge

The Termites Oracle (dakpa)

The Rubbing-board Oracle (iwa) 62

The Three-sticks Oracle (mapingo) 66

Types Of Magic

Sorcery

Magicians

Associations For The Practice Of Magic 73

The Mani Society

The Biri Society

The Wanga Society

Viii. Zande Religion 1

The Tuka

The Atoro

The Agalisa

Mbori—the Supreme Being

Rain Stoppers

Ture

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: The Azande, and related peoples of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and Belgian Congo

Published in: Ethnographic survey of Africa, East Central Africa, part 9, edited by Daryll Forde

Published By: Ethnographic survey of Africa, East Central Africa, part 9, edited by Daryll Forde London: International African Institute, 1953. x, 152 p.: map

By line: P.T.W. Baxter and Audrey Butt

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 1999. Computer File

Culture: Azande (FO07)

Subjects: History (175); External trade (439); Localized kin groups (618); Tribe and nation (619); Community heads (622); Status, role, and prestige (554); Military organization (701); Sorcery (754); Revelation and divination (787); Magic (789);

Abstract: This document, written by two professional anthropologists from secondary materials, gives a succinct account of several aspects of Azande ethnography, with special emphasis on culture history, relations with neighboring tribes, and subject peoples, political structure of Zande society, social and kinship organizations (including marriage), witchcraft, oracles and magic, and Zande religion. Some very brief information is also presented on location of the Zande, population size, language, dress, physical characteristics and ornamentation. Material culture is covered very little, if at all, and only the briefest mention is given to Zande religious ceremonials.

Document Number: 56

Document ID: fo07-056

Document Type: component part(s) monograph

Language: English

Note:

Includes bibliographical references and index

Only pages i-x, 11-96, 137-152 and end map facing p. 152 are included

Field Date: no date

Evaluation: Ethnologists-4

Analyst: John Beierle; 1962

Coverage Date: not specified

Coverage Place: Sudan and Democratic Republic of the Congo

LCSH: Zande (African people)

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