Turnbull, Colin M.. Wayward servants: the two worlds of the African Pygmies

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part One Introduction

Chapter 1 Objectives

Limitations

Execution

Field Technique

Results

Chapter 2 Orientation

The People And The Environment

Mbuti, B A Mbuti, Bambuti

Ethnographic Background

Part Two The Village World

Chapter 3 The Mbuti/villager Relationship

The Ouestion Of Dependence

Economic Reciprocity

The Need For Control

Chapter 4 The Notion Of Hereditary Ownership

Chapter 5 The Notion Of Supernatural Control

The Village Supernatural

Curative Magic

Witchcraft

Village Sorcery

Chapter 6 Village Religion

Nkumbi

Kare

Elima

Marriage

Death

The Village Molimo Mourning Ceremony

Chapter 7 Flux And Instability

Part Three The Forest World

Chapter 8 The Band

Territory

Composition

Fracmentation, Fission And Fusion

The Family

Age Groups

Chapter 9 The Life Cycle

Daily Life

Birth

Puberty: The Elima

Marriage

Death

Chapter 10 The Economy

The Band As An Economic Unit

Division Of Labor

Hunting Techniques

Gathering

Honey

Economic Aspects Of Territory

Economic Relationships Between Hunting Bands

Economic Relationships Between Band And Village

Economic Authority

Chapter 11 Government: Internal

Internal Relationships

Disputes Concerning Food

Disputes Concerning Sex

Disputes Concerning Territory

Disputes Concerning Trivia

Disputes Concerning Theft

Disputes Concerning The Village

Chapter 12 Government: External

Band To Band

Marriage

Trespass

Interfamily Exchange

Band To Village

Capita/chief

Lineage Elders/kpara

Karé/karé

Individual Economic Relationships.

Chapter 13 Magic, Witchcraft And Sorcery

Magic

Witchcraft

Sorcery

Legend Of The Mbuti Plantation

Legend Of Double Trickery

Chapter 14 Religion

Supernatural Beliefs

Pepo

Keti

Boru

Roho

Satani (also Shaitani )

The Godhead

The Power Of Sound

The Lesser Molimo ( Molimo Madé )

The Greater Molimo ( Molimo Mangbo )

Chapter 15 Principles Of Organization (1)

The Forest Context

Chapter 16 Principles Of Organization (2)

The Village Context

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: Wayward servants: the two worlds of the African Pygmies

Published By: Garden City, N.Y.: The Natural History Press, 1965. 14, 391 p.: ill., maps

By line: Colin M. Turnbull

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 1995. Computer File

Culture: Mbuti (FO04)

Subjects: Tribe and nation (619);

Abstract: On the basis of an extensive and close association with a band of the Epulu net-hunters, Colin Turnbull examines the cultural factors contributing to the cohesiveness of the Mbuti bands and their independence of villager control. Turnbull rests the weight of his proof on examination of the puberty initiation and death rituals as practiced in the band. Turnbull concludes that the Mbuti Pygmies are quite self-reliant and have a value system which distinctly separates them fron the neighboring villagers.

Document Number: 2

Document ID: fo04-002

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliography.|Includes index

Field Date: 1951, 1957, 1958

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: Adolph Hoehling ; John Beierle

Coverage Date: not specified

Coverage Place: Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo

LCSH: Bambute

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