Culwick, A. T. (Arthur Theodore), 1905-. Ubena of the Rivers

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Title: Ubena of the Rivers

Published By: London: G. Allen & Unwin, Ltd., 1935. 444 p.: ill., map

By line: by A. T. & G. M. Culwick; with a chapter by Mtema Towegale Kiwanga, and an introduction by Dr. L. H. Dudley Buxton

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2003. Computer File

Culture: Bena (FN31)

Subjects: Traditional history (173); Art (530); Marriage (580); Family (590); Kinship (600); Informal in-group justice (627); Territorial hierarchy (631); War (720); Sickness (750); Reproduction (840);

Abstract: This is a rich ethnography and history of the Ulanga Valley Bena, covering a variety of subjects, including religion, customary law, property, agricultural production, mutual aid, bride wealth, family and kin relationships, clan system, and medicine men. Most of the material was gathered by indigenous researchers and is written in a clear matter-of-fact style. The Bena first migrated into the highlands of southern Iringa Region (Njombe District) in early 1800s. In the 1860s some groups migrated down into the river lands of southwestern Morogoro Region. The ethnographic study focuses exclusively on the 'Ubena of the Rivers' in Ulanga and Kilombero Districts, Morogoro Region (see map facing page 152.) Although the oral history refers to royal clans and houses, according to Swartz, the Bena had political entities no larger than a few villages and therefore had a tribal organization. The British appointed a paramount chief in the 1926.

Document Number: 1

Document ID: fn31-001

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Field Date: 1931-1933

Evaluation: Ethnologist-4, 5

Analyst: Ian Skoggard ; 2002

Coverage Date: 1928-1933

Coverage Place: Ulanga and Kilombero Districts, Morogoro Region, Tanzania

LCSH: Bena (African people)

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