Bohannan, Paul. Tiv economy

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Untitled Section: ...

1 The Tiv And Their Economy

Tiv Country

Tiv Economy




2 Householding: The Domestic Unit (ya)

The Compound

Members Of The Compound

The Size And Plan Of The Compound

Fission Of The Compound

3 The Tar

Residence Rules And Settlement Patterns

4 Farms And Produce (yiagh)

Crops And Crop Rotation

Cleared Ground (ihyande)


Mounds (avom)

The Field (sule)


Second-year Fields (akuur)

Fallow (tsa)

Reclaimed Swamp (pagh)

Kitchen Gardens (ikongo)

The Size Of Tiv Farms

5 Work (tom)

Sexual Division Of Agricultural Labor

Division Of Labor On Other Bases

The Basic Work Group

Cooperation Among Women

Cooperation Among Men

Amount Of Work Performed

6 Land Rights: Social Relations In Terrestrial Space

Land Tenure

Land Maps

Land Rights


“communal Tenure”

Inheritance, Rental, And Sale


7 Going To The Farm (udzan Shin Tiev)


Land Disputes

Going To The Farm



8 Resources, Tools, And “capital”

Water, Mineral, And Bush Rights

Agricultural Implements And Tools


9 Animal Husbandry, Hunting, And Gathering

Animal Husbandry

Hunting And Trapping



10 Domestic Economy

Control Of Agricultural Products

Preservation And Storage Of Staples



11 Allocation: Reciprocity



12 The Traditional Market Place

History And Organization Of Ticha Market

History And Organization Of Iyon Market

13 The Dynamics Of The Market Place

History And Organization Of Tsar Market

The Market War

The Reestablishment Of Tsar Market


14 Structure And Characteristics Of Tiv Market Places

Political Aspects Of The Market

Social Values Of The Market

15 The Network Of Market Places

Market Neighborhoods And Market Cycles

The Ticha Cycle

The Iyon Cycle

Seven-day Cycles

Marketless Areas Of Tivland

Markets Linked By Flow Of Goods

Market Patterns

Movement Of Goods


16 The Principles Of Tiv Economy

Control Of Factors And Of Products


Spheres Of Exchange

“conveyance” And “conversion”



17 Growth Of The Market Sector

Containing The Market

Western Markets

The Impact Of The West

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: Tiv economy

Published By: Evanston [Ill.]: Northwestern University Press, 1968. viii, 265 p.: ill.

By line: Paul and Laura Bohannan

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Tiv (FF57)

Subjects: Agriculture (240); Commercial facilities (366); Buying and selling (432); Internal trade (438); Retail marketing (443); Accumulation of wealth (556); Gender status (562); Household (592); Lineages (613);

Abstract: The Tiv economy is divided into three separate and ranked spheres of exchange: those of subsistence, prestige and kinship. The subsistence economy is based on a three year cropping cycle of yams, millet and beniseed, a cash crop which provides money to pay taxes. All men have rights to land through their membership in a lineage, but the actual allocation of acreage is based on the size of one's household. Women do most of the agricultural work and sell surplus crops and prepared foods in local markets. Men are involved in more long distant trade between markets, both within and outside of Tivland. Ibo and Hausa traders also tap into Tiv markets, selling to Tiv foreign goods and buying their crops for urban and foreign markets. Tiv also exchange prestige items such as cattle, horses, and brass rods, and in former times, slaves. The ultimate objective of all these transactions is to secure the necessary wealth in both goods and prestige to obtain wives, who along with their children are the final measure of Tiv wealth.

Document Number: 32

Document ID: ff57-032

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 255-257) and index

Field Date: 1949-1953

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: Ian Skoggard ; 1996

Coverage Date: 1909-1953

Coverage Place: Benue State, Nigeria

LCSH: Tiv (African people)


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