A source book on Tiv religion in 5 volumes
New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1969. 5 v. (xv, 802 leaves): ill.
Paul and Laura Bohannan
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
HRAF, 1998. Computer File
Religious beliefs (770);
Religious practices (780);
Ecclesiastical organization (790);
This compendium presents reworked field notes on a number of subjects related to Tiv religion, particularly on witchcraft. It is divided into five volumes, paginated consecutively. The first volume contains data on general religious beliefs, ethno-conceptions about both nature and man, sickness, nutrition and reproduction. The second volume concentrates on some of the key elements of Tiv religion, such as, TSAV (a substance which grows on the heart, inadequately translated as 'witchcraft potential'), MBATSAV (a society of those who have TSAV, or 'men of ability), and SWEM and SASSWOOD (sacred objects and means of controlling the actions of the MBATSAV). The third volume contains material on AKOMBO, a quite involved religious concept which in a very narrow sense means magical emblems and magical forces. The AKOMBO differs from the GREAT AKOMBO (the content of the fourth volume) in that it affects individuals while the GREAT AKOMBO is the matter of social groups with different sets of emblems and sacrifices. The principles of classification of AKOMBO and its components and symbols are framed in the fifth volume. The researcher may find reading pp. 629-630 helpful for understanding the AKOMBO concept. The last chapter contains data on rituals in the life cycle, particularly those grouping around childbirth and funerals.
Document ID: ff57-030
Category 754 has been used for TSAV and MBATSAV, and 695, 788 or 789 for SWEM and SASSWOOD. Categories 778 and 789 have been used as the basic categories for the AKOMBO, and categories 753, 754, 755, 761, 782, 788, and 796 have been used for various aspects of the same.
Dubravka Schmalzbauer ; Sigrid Khera ; 1971-1972
Benue State, Nigeria
Tiv (African people)