Amadiume, Ifi, 1947-. Male daughters, female husbands: gender and sex in an African society

Page Focus

Table of Contents

Publication Information

  Front Matter

  Body

Part One: The 19th Century 1

1. Gender And The Economy

Myths Of Origin And Gender

Nri

Nnobi

Ecology, Production And Gender Ideology

Wealth And Gender

Land And ‘male Daughters’

Land And Wives

Redistribution Of Other Family Wealth

Women's Economic Activities

Palm Tree

Staples

Women, Marketing And Cash

Notes

2. Women, Wealth, Titles And Power

Ekwe 1 Title

Involuntary Male Titles

Two Prominent Obi (s) In 19th-century Nnobi Society

The ‘big Man’, Eze Okigbo

How Eze Okigbo Became Very Wealthy

How Eze Okigbo's Wives Became Wealthy

The Dominant Wife, Ifeyinwa ‘olinke’

Notes

3. Gender And Political Organization

Descent Structure

Political Administration

‘big Men’ And Ekwe Women Compared

Traditional Political Organizations: Gender Status, Interests And Rights

Organization Of Patrilineage Men

Organization Of Patrilineage Daughters

Kinship Morality And Gender

Daughter's Child, Nwadiana Category

Organization Of Patrilineage Wives

Organization Of Nnobi Women

Notes

4. The Politics Of Motherhood: Women And The Ideology-making Process

Marriage

Marriage Songs And Gender Roles

Birth

The Post-natal Confinement: Ino Ngwuo

Maternity Songs And Gender Roles

Death

Mourning

Funeral Songs And Gender Roles

Folk-tales And Gender Roles

Notes

5. The Ideology Of Gender

Language And Gender

Gender Division Of Space

General Beliefs About Men And Women

How They Made Them ‘men’

Coming Into Womanhood, Igba Agboghobia

Notes

6. Ritual And Gender

The Goddess Idemili

The Hunter/deity, Aho

Ikpu Okwa Festival And Patriarchal Ideology

Patriarchy Versus Matriarchy?

Spirit Possession And Gender Ideals

Ritual Homage

Notes

Part Two: The Colonial Period

7. Colonialism And The Erosion Of Women's Power

Christianity: A New Gender Reality In The Religious Sphere

Changes In Marriage Practice And Gender Relations

Origin Of The Problem: The Indigenous Institution Of ‘female Husband’

The Problem: Reinterpretation Of The Institution Of ‘female Husband’

Notes

8. The Erosion Of Women's Power

Western Education And The Invisibility Of Women

The Exclusion Of Women From The Colonial Local Administrative System

Eze Okoli, The First Igwe Of Nnobi, 2 And The Birth Of A New Era Of Male Domination

Women And The New Cash Economy

Notes

Part Three: The Post-independence Period 1

9. The Marginalization Of Women's Position

Women And Local Politics

Local Government Bodies

Women And Local Political Issues: 1946–60

Women And Local Political Issues: 1960–82

Nnobi Home Welfare Organization: 1977

The Arrest Of Leaders Of The Women's Council: 1977

New Gender Realities Which Contributed To The Arrests

The Collapse Of Nwo: 1980

The Response Of The Women

Notes

10. Wealth, Titles And Motherhood

Women's New Poverty

Men's New Wealth

The Age-grade Associations And Local Politics

Contemporary Women's Associations And The Politics Of Motherhood

Notes

11. The Female Element In Other Igbo Societies

Notes

12. Gender, Class And Female Solidarity

Notes

13. Conclusion

The Implications Of A Rigid Gender System

Gender And Power In Other African Societies

The Implications Of This Study For Future Research On African Women

Some Practical Considerations

  Back Matter

Publication Information

ParagraphSubjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: Male daughters, female husbands: gender and sex in an African society

Published By: London ; Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Zed Books, 1987. 223 p., plates: ill.

By line: Ifi Amadiume

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2003. Computer File

Culture: Igbo (FF26)

Subjects: Gift giving (431); Status, role, and prestige (554); Accumulation of wealth (556); Gender status (562); Lineages (613); Spirits and gods (776); Sacred objects and places (778); Organized ceremonial (796); Gender roles and issues (890);

Abstract: The fieldwork for this study, dealing primarily with women's roles in Igbo society, was conducted by the author in 1980-1982 in the town of Nnobi, Idemili division, Anambra State, Nigeria. The monograph is divided into three major periods: Pre-Colonial (pre-1900), when the traditional system operated; Colonial (1900-1960); and Post-Colonial (the Post-Independence period), following 1960, when Nigeria became an independent nation. Although the primary emphasis in this work is to describe women's role in traditional (pre-1900) Igbo society, the author also presents a wealth of information on what structures in the society allowed women to achieve power, and how the effects of colonial institutions on traditional society changed women's choices and situations. Amadiume concludes with a discussion on what has happened to women in the Post-Independence period, particularly in regard to local and national politics.

Document Number: 40

Document ID: ff26-040

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 211-216)

Field Date: 1980-1982

Evaluation: Indigene, Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: John Beierle ; 2001

Coverage Date: Pre-1900-1980s

Coverage Place: Town of Nndobi, Idemili Division, Anambra State, Nigeria

LCSH: Igbo (African people)

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