Ottenberg, Simon. Masked rituals of Afikpo, the context of an African art

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part One The Masks

Chapter I The Setting

Chapter Ii Afikpo Art

Chapter Iii The Mask Styles

The Wooden Masks

Acali

Beke

Ibibio

Igri

Mba

Mkpe

Mma Ji

Nnade Ɔkumkpa

Nne Mgbo

Ɔkpesu Umuruma

Ɔpa Nwa

Ɔtogho

The Calabash Form

Mbubu

The Net Masks

Masks Of The Noninitiates

Chapter Iv Commentary

Stylistic Features

Form And Design

Variation

Wearing

Naming

Historical Classification

Chapter V Carvers

Portrait Of An Afikpo Carver

Childhood

Away From Home

Adulthood

The Carver In 1960

Working

Selling And Renting

Wood

Tools

Raffia

Color

Calabash And Coconut

Attitudes

Change

Part Ii A Play

Chapter Vi Ɔkumkpa

Rehearsal

Events Just Before The Play

Stages Of The Ɔkumkpa

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Stage 4

Stage 5

Stage 6

Stage 7

Stage 8

Stage 9

Postplay Activity

Decline In Ɔkumkpa And The Enna Plays

Chapter Vii An Ɔkumkpa Performance

Stage 1

Two Leaders

Chorus

Explanation

Stage 2

Two Leaders

Chorus

Stage 3

First Song

Senior Leader

Chorus

Junior Leader

Chorus

Senior Leader

Chorus

Junior Leader

Chorus

Second Song

Senior Leader

Chorus

Junior Leader

Chorus

Senior Leader

Chorus

Junior Leader

Chorus

Third Song

Senior Leader

Chorus

Junior Leader

Chorus

Senior Leader

Chorus

Junior Leader

Chorus

Fourth Song

Senior Leader

Chorus

Junior Leader

Chorus

Senior Leader

Chorus

Two Leaders

Two Leaders And Chorus

Stage 4

First Song

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Two Leaders

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Two Leaders

Two Leaders

Two Leaders, With Only A Very Brief Pause

Two Leaders

The First Acts

Skit 1

Skit 2

Skit 3

Skit 4

Second Song

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Two Leaders

Two Leaders

The Second Act

The Third Act

The Third Song

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Two Leaders

The Fourth Act

The Fourth Song

Junior Leader

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Senior Leader

Senior Leader Junior Leader Two Leaders

Two Leaders

Fifth Act And Fifth Song

Two Assistant Leaders

Chorus

Two Assistant Leaders

Chorus

Stage 5

Senior Leader

Junior Leader

Stage 6

Stage 7

Stage 8

Senior Leader

Chorus

Stage 9

Postplay Activity

Chapter Viii Analysis Of The Play

Sociological Interpretations

Ridicule Of Foolish Persons

Male And Female Roles

Illness And Misfortune

Internal Groups And External Relations

Other Sociological Features

Functions And Themes

Psychological Factors *

Aesthetic Considerations

Part Iii A Variety Of Masquerades

Chapter Ix The Njenji Parade

Dry Season Festival

Preparations

The Front Of The Parade Column

The Center Of The Parade Column

The Rear Of The Parade Column

The Procession

Rehearsals

Interpretation

The Edda Run

Chapter X Two Dances

Okonkwɔ

Oje Ogwu

Chapter Xi Masquerades Of Physical Force

The Controlling Masquerades

The Chasing Games

Chapter Xii The Initiation Masquerades

Isiji

Ɔka

Isubu Eda

Ikwum

Commentary

Part Iv Conclusions

Chapter Xiii Interpretation Of The Afikpo Masquerades

Sociological Features

Age And Authority

Sexual Distinctiveness

Individualism And The Group

Social Cleavages And Art

Social Readjustments

Psychological Factors

Aesthetic Elements

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: Masked rituals of Afikpo, the context of an African art

Published By: Seattle: Published for the Henry Art Gallery by the University of Washington Press, [1975]. 229 p., [8] leaves of plates: ill.

By line: Simon Ottenberg

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2003. Computer File

Culture: Igbo (FF26)

Subjects: Spectacles (541); Representative art (532); Dance (535); Music (533); Drama (536); Adjustment processes (154); Social personality (156); Special garments (292);

Abstract: This source is a synthesis of the author's knowledge of the masking tradition among the Afikpo. It is an example of the genre of anthropology that describes art in terms of its cultural context. The description of the use of masks in their ritual contexts seems very detailed and is quite admirable, although many of the author's interpretations of psychological and aesthetic factors in the masking tradition appear to be unsupported and hence should be regarded as speculative. The source also includes an analysis of styles or types of the Afikpo secret society masks. This is a listing and description of twelve styles of masks. No hard data, i.e. measurements or statistical distributions, are presented. We are not even informed how many masks were examined (although the reader could calculate this information him/herself). It appears that no hard data were obtained since many of the examples cited were examined only by photograph. There is no discussion of what is meant by 'type,' 'style,' or 'substyle.' Hence, the analysis of styles appears to be quite eclectic and impressionistic. It is the least satisfying part of the book.

Document Number: 30

Document ID: ff26-030

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: [published in connection with an exhibition shown at the Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, May 24-June 21, 1975]. Includes bibliographical references (p. 223-225) and index Category 541 was used for 'masquerades' and masked rituals.

Field Date: 1951-1960

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: Marlene Martin ; 1981

Coverage Date: 1951-1960

Coverage Place: Afikpo Village-Group, southeastern Nigeria

LCSH: Igbo (African people)

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