Itkonen, Toivo Immanuel, 1891-. The Lapps in Finland up to 1945. Vol. 2

Table of Contents

Publication Information

21. Hunting

1. Active Hunting Methods

2. Passive Hunting Methods

22. Reindeer Breeding

1. The Wild Reindeer

2. The Reindeer

3. Reindeer Names

4. Reindeer-breeding From 1600 To 1800

5. Reindeer-breeding Today

23. The Dog

24. Cattle Breeding And Agriculture

25. Trade

26. Yearly Migrations

27. Society

28. Legal Practices Of The Lapps In The 17th And 18th Centuries According To Records

29. The Family

30. Mythology And Later Superstitions

1. The Gods

2. Seitas And Sacred Places

3. The Fairies

4. The Sorcerer


Upper Zone

Middle Zone

Lower Zone


Upper Zone

Middle Zone

Lower Zone


Uppermost Zone

Second Zone

Third Zone

Fourth Zone

Lowest Zone

5. Human Beings In Life And After Death

6. Celestial Bodies And Natural Phenomena

7. Beliefs Concerning The Animal Kingdom And Game

8. Beliefs Concerning The Hunt

9. Other Beliefs

Church Offerings

31. Birth And Childhood

32. Courtship Customs And Wedding Ceremonies

33. Greeting

34. Games, Feats Of Strength And Pastimes

35. Diseases And Methods Of Curing

36. Units Of Measure

1. Linear And Cubic Measures

2. The Calendar (äi'ge-lohkku).

37. Register Of Names

1. Personal Names

Lapp Names

Finnish-karelian Names

2. Place Names

38. Popular Culture

The Pike's Joiku

The Pearl-owl's Joiku

The Wolf's Joiku

The Bear's Song


The Young Maiden Betrothed In Another Parish


Jouni's Niila

Pienni's Antti



The Inari-reindeer

Hentti's Matti

My Heart Is Warm

Wooing Song

The Fiancée's Song

Taatsi's Sacred Stone


Lapland's Natives

The Karlebotn-market

4. Proverbs (s[unknown] Adne-v[unknown] Ad'd'âsâh) And Sayings.

Maxims (juraâ-sänih)

Sayings (i. Kuod[unknown][unknown] Ustuvvâh) And Phrases

5. Riddles (ar'vâdusâh)

6. Weather Forecasts (i.[unknown] S[unknown] Onâ Ov'aâze[unknown] )

The Weather Will Be Fine When:

There Will Be Rain If:

Snowfall Or Snowstorms Are Forecast If:

There Is Thaw In Winter If:

39. Origins Of Lapp Culture

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: The Lapps in Finland up to 1945. Vol. 2

Published By: Porvoo, Helsinki: Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö, 1984, c1948. ? p.: ill., maps [HRAF ms.: i, 1160 p.]

By line: Toivo Immanuel Itkonen

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 1996. Computer File

Culture: Saami (EP04)

Subjects: Pastoral activities (233); Literary texts (539); Personal names (551); Sickness (750); Ideas about nature and people (820); Reproduction (840);

Abstract: This study consists of volume two of T. I. Itkonen's classic work on traditional Saami society in Finland. (The first volume of this monograph is also in this database). The two volumes together, translated into English from the original Finnish, provide a detailed study of Saami material culture from the early sixteenth to the mid-twentieth century. The present document presents an abundance of data on the food quest (particularly hunting and fowling), reindeer herding and pastoral activities, seasonal migrations, dogs, cattle breeding, trade, agriculture, mythology and religion, concepts of life and death, ideas about nature and man, reproduction, child care, marriage, etiquette, games and pastimes, diseases and curing practices, units of measurement, personal and place names, tales and legends, songs, riddles and proverbs, and weather lore. Social organization and social structure is very lightly covered in this work.

Document Number: 17

Document ID: ep04-017

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English translation from Finnish

Note: Translation of: Suomen lappalaiset vuoteen 1945, Ensimmäinen Osa.. The original Finnish text is not included in this database. Includes bibliographical references Translated from the Finnish for the Human Relations Area Files by Olga Guemati and Elisabeth Perez-Roman.

Field Date: 1913-1947

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: John Beierle ; 1994

Coverage Date: variable

Coverage Place: Finland

LCSH: Sami (European people)


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