Grigson, W. V. (Wilfred Vernon) 1896-. The Maria Gonds of Bastar:

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part I Introductory. Bastar State And Its Peoples; The Historical, Geographic And Ethnographic Setting Of The Marias

Chapter I The Setting In Time; The Historical Isolation Of Bastar

Chapter Ii The Setting In Space; The Physical And Administrative Geography Of Bastar

Chapter Iii The Ethnological Setting; The Primitive Races Of Bastar

Bhattras And Parjas

Gadbas

Halbas

Murias—general

Jagdalpur Murias

Jhoria Murias

Gotul Murias, Or Murias Of North Kondagaon And Antagarh

Murias—summary

The Marias—general

Hill Marias

Hill Marias Of Indrawati Valley, Influenced By Bison-horn Marias Or Dorla Koitor

Bison-horn Marias, Koyas And Dorlas

Part Ii Personal Appearance And Characteristics

Chapter Iv Personal Appearance; Physical Powers And Endurance; Bodily Attitudes; Cleanliness; Hair-dressing; Dress And Ornaments Of (a) Hill, (b) Bison-horn Marias; Weapons And Tools

Appearance

Physical Powers And Endurance

Bodily Attitudes

Cleanliness

Hair-dressing

Dress And Ornaments: (a) Hill Maria

Ornaments

Rain-clothes

Dress And Ornaments: (b) Bison-horn Maria

Dancing-dress

Weapons And Tools

Hoes (see Figure 4)

Chapter V Character

Part Iii Domestic Life And Economy

Chapter Vi Villages, Houses And Their Contents

A. Hill Maria Villages, Houses And Their Contents

The Shifting Of Villages

Houses

Granaries

The ‘gotul-lon’

B. Bison-horn Maria Villages, Houses, And Their Contents

Shifting Villages

Houses

Chapter Vii Agriculture

Systems Of Cultivation

The Cultivator's Year

Sowing

Crops

After Sowing

Harvest

The New-eating Festivals Of The Hill Marias

Assessment And Payment Of Land Revenue Among The Hill Marias

Methods Of Permanent Cultivation Among The Hill Marias

Bison-horn Maria Cultivation

Chapter Viii Procuring Of Other Food And Drink

A. Food Gathering

B. Hunting And Trapping

Hill Marias

Bison-horn Maria Hunting

C. Domestication Of Animals

Pigs

Poultry

Goats

Cattle And Buffaloes

Dogs And Cats

Other Pets

D. Fishing

E. Intoxicants And Other Drinks

Sago-palm

Toddy-palm

Date-palm

Mahua

Landa

Other Drinks

Drinking

Chapter Ix Domestic Life; Miscellaneous

A. Treatment Of Sickness

Maria Treatment Of Disease

B. Manufactures

1. Basketry

2. Iron-work

3. Brass-work

4. Pottery

C. Musical Instruments

1. Drums

2. Gongs

3. Other Instruments

4. Bullroarers

D. Dancing

1. Hill Maria

2. Bison-horn Maria

E. Other Amusements

F. Reckoning Time

G. Daily Routine

H. Fire-making

Part Iv Religion And Magic

Chapter X The Earth, The Clan-god And The Village Mother

General: Previous Writers

Gond Religion Outside Bastar; The Chuddur Penk

The Chuddur Penk Not Known In Bastar

General Nature Of Bastar Maria Cult Of Earth, Clan-god And Village Mother

The Clan-god

Special Features Of The Clan-god Among The Bison-horn Marias

The Village Mother And Other Gods Among The Bison-horn Marias

Demons

Totems

Chapter Xi The Annual Religious Ceremonies Of The Bison-horn Marias

The Irpu Pandum

The Marka Pandum

The Wijja Pandum, Wijja Weta And Jur Weta

Hareli

The Kurum Pandum

The Korta Pandum

The Nuka Nordana Pandum

The Jata Pandum

The Kare Pandum

The Bhimul Pandum

The Mandai

Conclusion

Chapter Xii The Cult Of The Departed; Magic And Witchcraft; Omens; Beliefs About The Phenomena Of Nature

A. The Cult Of The Departed

The Future Life

B. Magic And Witchcraft

White Magic

C. Omens

D. Beliefs About Natural Phenomena

Part V Social Organization, Law And Custom

Chapter Xiii Social Organization; The Phratries And Clans

Russell And Hiralal, On The Social Organization Of The Bastar Marias

The Clan Organization Of The Hill Marias

Bison-horn Phratries And Clans

Traditional Origins Of Clan Names

Chapter Xiv Marriage

Exogamy

Cross-cousin Marriage

Hill Maria Regular Betrothal And Marriage

Child Marriage

Serving For A Wife

Bison-horn Maria Betrothal (‘talpana’) And Marriage (‘pendul’)

Irregular Marriages, Widow Marriages And Divorce; Attitude To Abnormalities

Chapter Xv Birth And Childhood

A. Hill Marias

Naming

Weaning

Education

B. Bison-horn Marias

Chapter Xvi Death And Funeral Ceremonies

A. Hill Marias

Treatment Of Abnormal Deaths

B. Bison-horn Marias

Abnormal Deaths

Chapter Xvii Village, Clan And Pargana Authorities And Panchayats; Their Executive Authority; Their Judicial Authority And Methods; Property And Inheritance; Position Of Women; The Recent State Orders Restoring Judicial Authority To Panchayats

The Recent State Order Restoring Jurisdiction To Panchayats

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: The Maria Gonds of Bastar:

Published By: London: Oxford University Press, 1949. 22, 427 p.: ill., maps

By line: by W. V. Grigson ; with an introduction by J. H. Hutton

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Gond (AW32)

Subjects: Geography (130); Descriptive somatology (142); Personality traits (157); Settlement patterns (361); Hunting and trapping (224); Collecting (222); Tillage (241); Organized ceremonial (796); General character of religion (771); Spirits and gods (776); Burial practices and funerals (764); Clans (614); Sorcery (754); Adolescent activities (883);

Abstract: This excellent ethnography, by a former member of the Indian Civil Service, describes the culture of two subgroups of the widespread Gond peoples, the relatively unacculturated Hill Marias and the more acculturated Bison Horn Marias, both of Bastar State. The book is divided into five main sections: Introductory, giving the geographical, ethnographical and historical setting of the Maria Gonds; Personal Appearance and Characteristics; Domestic Life and Economy, which includes villages, houses and their contents, agriculture, procuring of food and drink, and domestic life; Religion and Magic, which includes the gods, annual religious ceremonies, and the cult of the departed; and Social Organization and custom, which includes marriage, birth and childhood and death and funeral ceremonies. A number of appendices are included on administrative divisions, clan lists, terms of relationship, names, anthropometry, language, and glossary. Throughout the book, the culture of the Hill Marias is described first, then that of the Bison Horn Marias, with indications as to how the two cultures differ. The Supplement contains a comment by Elwin which includes additional information, mainly on Hill Maria culture; notes on the Maria Gonds of Chanda and Drug District by Grigson; and notes by Elwin on the original edition supplementing or correcting Grigsons material.

Document Number: 1

Document ID: aw32-001

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Reissued in 1949 with a supplement containing 80 pages of additional matter and 39 illustrations by the author and Verrier Elwin. Data on the gotul, the adolescents and bachelors dormitory, will be found in category 883. Data on the zamindar, sendhia, and taluq, all administrative divisions, have been filed in category 632.

Field Date: 1927-1934, 1940-1941

Evaluation: Government Official-5

Analyst: Timothy J. O'Leary; 1958: John Beierle; 2010

Coverage Date: 1927-1941

Coverage Place: Maria Gonds, Bastar State, India

LCSH: Gond (Indic people)//Ethnology--India--Bastar//Bastar (India)

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