Schebesta, Paul, 1887-1967. The Negritos of Asia; vol. 2, ethnography of the Negritos: half-vol. 1, religion and mythology

Table of Contents

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Part I. Religion, Mythology, And Art Of The Semang

Chapter I. Data On The Religion Of The Semang

1. Alleged Irreligion Of The Semang

2. Sources For The Semang Religion

Chapter Ii. The Orang Hidop

I. The Research Material On The Orang Hidop

1. The Orang Hidop Among The Jahay And Lanoh

2. The Orang Hidop Among The Kenta'-bog'n

3. The Orang Hidop Among The Kensiu

4. The Orang Hidop Among The Tonga-mos, Menri', And Batek

5. The Orang Hidop Among The Senoi

Ii. Classification Of The Orang Hidop

1. Reduction Of The Number Of Orang Hidop

2. Karei And Ta Ped'n

3. The God Of Heaven And The Earth Deity

Chapter Iii. Creation And Conception Of The World

I. Origin Of The World (cosmogony)

1. Origin Of The Earth

2. The Batu' Rib'm And The Rankel

3. Heaven And Firmament

Ii. Origin Of Man (anthropogony)

1. Myths And Legends About The Origin Of Man

A) The Brother And Sister

B) Origin From Fruits

C) Creation From Earth

2. Divine Or Human Ancestors

A) Legends Of Ta Piagó And Ya Tangoi

B) Legends About Jalan And Jamoi

3. Origin Of The Negritos

Iii. Origin Of Animals And Plants

Iv. Sun And Moon

V. The Rainbow

Vi. Lightning, Thunder, And Storm

Vii. Water And Rain

Chapter Iv. The Cult

I. The Blood-sacrifice Ceremony

1. The Existence Of The Blood Sacrifice And Its Execution

2. Invocations During The Blood Sacrifice

3. The Blood Sacrifice According To V. Stevens' Report

4. The Blood Sacrifice Among The Senoi

Ii. Evaluation Of The Blood Sacrifice

1. Giver And Receiver Of The Sacrifice

2. Meaning And Purpose Of The Blood Sacrifice

Iii. Guilt And Sin

1. The Meaning Of Telaid'n And Lawaij

2. Manifoldness Of The Taboos

Iv. Conclusions About The Blood Sacrifice

V. The Primitial Sacrifice

Chapter V. Religion And Mythology According To Vaughan Stevens

1. Mythological Figures On Three Bamboo Tubes

2. V. Stevens' Discussion Of The Religion And Mythology Of The Semang

3. Hindu Influences In Semang Mythology

Chapter Vi. Shamanism Of The Semang

I. Its Premises And Foundations

1. Name And Nature Of The Hala'

2. The Call To Become Hala'

3. The Shaman Secret

4. The Ćenoi-belief, Basis Of Semang Shamanism

Ii. Official Functions Of The Hala'

1. Hala' Acts Under The Direction And Power Of The Deity

2. Hala' Acts Through The Mediation Of The Ćenoi

A) The Ćebu□ Stone

B) The Pan□'

Α) The Pan□' Celebrations

Β) The Pan□' Songs

Iii. The Tiger- Hala' ( Bidog )

Iv. Conjurations

V. The Hala' After Death

Vi. Conclusions And Inferences

Chapter Vii. Burial And Belief In The World Beyond

I. Burial Customs

1. Among The Jahay And Lanoh

2. Among The Kenta'-bog'n

3. Among The Kensiu

4. Among The Other Semang

Ii. Conception Of The Soul

Iii. The Realm Of The Dead

Chapter Viii. The Art Of The Semang


I. Plastic Art. Ornamentation.

1. Comb Ornamentation

A) Making The Combs And Decorations

B) Arrangement And Names Of The Decorations

C) The Magical Character Of The Decorations

D) The Ornamental Value Of The Combs

E) Critique Of Stevens' Decoration-theory

F) Origin Of The Decorative Art

2. Weapon Ornamentation

A) On Weapon Ornamentation In General

B) Quiver Decorations

C) Sumpitan Decorations

D) Weapon Ornamentation Of The Senoi

3) Conclusions

Ii. Dramatic And Vocal Art

1. Dance

2. Music And Song

A) From The Standpoint Of Content

B) From The Standpoint Of Form

Iii. Folklore

Iv. Conclusions

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: The Negritos of Asia; vol. 2, ethnography of the Negritos: half-vol. 1, religion and mythology

Published By: Wien-Mödling: St. -Gabriel-Verlag, 1957. HRAF ms: vi, 405 p. [original: xiv, 336 p.]: ill.

By line: Paul Schebesta

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Semang (AN07)

Subjects: Descriptive somatology (142); Vocabulary (192); Collecting (222); Mats and basketry (285); Dwellings (342); Furniture (352); Building interiors and arrangement (353); External trade (439); Division of labor by gender (462); Representative art (532); Dance (535); Mythology (773); Burial practices and funerals (764); Sacred objects and places (778); Ritual (788); Organized ceremonial (796);

Abstract: This is the second half-volume on the ethnography of the Negritos of Asia(see Schebesta, 1954, no. 1). It deals with the religion, mythology and art of the Semang. (Material on the religion of the Aeta and the Andamanese has not been translated.)The author's field work includes the periods of 1924-1925, 1938-1939, and January - February 1952.

Document Number: 2

Document ID: an07-002

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English translation from German

Note: Translation of: [Die Negrito Asiens; II. Band, Ethnographie der Negrito; 1. Halbband, Wirtschaft und Soziologie]. Translated from the German for Human Relations Area Files by Frieda Schütze ca. 1963.

Field Date: 1924-1925, 1938-1939 and Jan. û Feb. 1952

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: Joan Steffens ; 1963, Teferi Abate Adem ; 2006

Coverage Date: 1924-1939

Coverage Place: Malaysia

LCSH: Batek (Malaysian people)/Semang (Malaysian people)


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