Firth, Raymond, 1901-2002. Malay fishermen: their peasant economy

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chpater I The Fishing Industry In Malaya And Indonesia

General Character Of Malayo-indonesian Sea Fishing 1

Market Relations


Practical Problems In The Fishing Industry

Some Theoretical Considerations

Structure Of An Oriental Peasant Economy

Chapter Ii Economics Of The Industry In Two Malay States (kelantan And Trengganu)

General Conditions And Importance

Fishing Population And Output

Equipment—details Of Types And Cost


Cost Of Fishing-boats

Types And Cost Of Nets

Capital Invested In Fishing-boats And Gear

Finance Of Boats And Nets

Fish-buying And Money-lending

Chapter Iii Structure Of A Sample Fishing Community

The Perupok Area, Kelantan

Its Economic History

Composition Of Its Population

External Economic Relationships

Distribution By Sex And “economic Stages”

Occupational Distribution

Chapter Iv Planning And Organization Of Fishing Activities

Preferences In The Use Of Labour And Capital

The Use Of Time In Lift-net Fishing

Organization Of Lift-net Fishing

The Role Of The Fishing Expert

The Fishing Expert And His Crew

Fluctuations In Lift-net Crews

Relations Between Fishing Expert And Carrier Agent

Strain And Re-alignment In Net-groups

Changes In Boat-grouping Of Nets

Relations Of Fishing Experts With One Another

The Ritual Factor In Organization

Chapter V Ownership Of Equipment And Management Of Capital

The Place Of Capital In The Peasant Economy

Volume Of Investment In Fishing Equipment

Ownership Of Equipment

Levels Of Individual Boat And Net Capital

Management Of Capital By Individuals

History Of One Man's Investments

Financing The Production And Maintenance Of Equipment

The Entrepreneur In Net Manufacture

Chapter Vi The Credit System In Financing Production

Seasonal Advances

Firendly Loans

Interest-bearing Loans

Interest Diguised As Profit-sharing

Mobilization Of Credit Through Capital Expenditure

Credit In The Marketing Of Goods

Chapter Vii Marketing Organization

The Middlemen

Wholesale Buying On The Beach

Samples Of Bargaining Technique

Features Of Bargaining

Graphs Of Price-determination

Cash, Credit, And Insurance Against Price-reduction

Arrangements Among The Wholesale Dealers

Intermediate And Retail Selling

The Market For Cured Fish

Inland Markets For Fish

Fluctuations In Fish Prices

Profits And Losses Of Middlemen


Chapter Viii The System Of Distributing Earnings

Sharing Out The Earnings From The Lift-net

Value Of The Shares

Distribution Of Earnings From Other Types Of Fishing

Fish For Home Consumption And Petty Cash

The Basic Principles Of Distribution

Chapter Ix Output And Levels Of Income

Estimated Value Of Annual Output

Levels Of Output From Lift-nets

Levels Of Output In Other Types Of Fishing

Importance Of The Output Figures

Levels Of Income

Chapter X Fishermen In The General Peasant Economy

Supplementary Sources Of Fishermen's Income

Samples Of Household Income

Peasant Standards Of Living

Poverty And Wealth In The Peasant Scheme

Tendencies To Change (by 1940)

Chapter Xi Fisheries Development And The Malay Peasant

Basic Problems

Technical Development

Economic Development

Social Change

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: Malay fishermen: their peasant economy

Published By: London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1946. ix, 354 p.: maps

By line: by Raymond Firth

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Malays (AN05)

Subjects: Fishing (226); Fishing gear (227); Internal trade (438); Settlement patterns (361); Wholesale marketing (442); Marine industries (228); External trade (439); Ethnic stratification (563); Income and demand (434); Preservation and storage of food (251); Research and development (654); Annual cycle (221); Land use (311); Topography and geology (133); Boats (501); Price and value (435); Mutual aid (476); Borrowing and lending (426); Wages and salaries (465);

Abstract: This study is based on a general survey in 1939-1940 covering nearly all the fishing communities in the states of Kelantan and Trengganu and some villages in the north of Pahang. Firth carried out eight months of intensive work in fishing villages and associated communities near Perupok in the Bachok district of Kelantan. The organization and financing of production, ownership of equipment, marketing, output, and the distribution of proceeds from fishing are described, based on daily records for a six months' period of the value of catch in the area under study. Individual income from fishing and the relationships of individuals in the community are also covered.

Document Number: 4

Document ID: an05-004

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: 'Issued in cooperation with the Royal Institute of International Affairs and the Institute of Pacific Relations.'.

Field Date: 1939-1940

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: B. P. Emerson ; 1955

Coverage Date: 1939-1946

Coverage Place: The states of Kelantan and Trengganu; some villages in the north of Pahang; villages and associated communities near Perupok in the Bachok district of Kelantan

LCSH: Fish trade--Malay Peninsula//Fishers--Malay Peninsula


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