Glacken, Clarence J.. Studies of Okinawan village life

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Introduction

Part One: The Great Loo Choo

Chapter I: Cultural Geography And The Natural Environment

1 Okinawa, Asia, And The Pacific

2 Regional Differences In Okinawa Island 3

3 General Climatic Conditions

4 The Disappointing Soils

5 Conclusion

Chapter Ii: Inertia And Change

1 Introduction

2 Conjectural Minglings Of Prehistoric Times

3 Events Of The Early Historical Period

4 Inertia From The Seventeenth To The Nineteenth Centuries

5 European Awareness Of The Great Loochoo

6 Okinawa Island, The Capital Of A New Japanese Province

7 Okinawa In World War Ii

8 Okinawa After The War

Part Two: The Okinawan Village

Chapter Iii: Villages And Their Surroundings

1 Introduction

2 Hansshiro

3 Minatogawa

4 Matsuda

Chapter Iv: Village Populations And Post-war Adjustments

1 Generalities On The Population History Of Okinawa Island

2 Village Populations And Their Characteristics

3 What Happened With Repatriation

4 Attitudes Toward Birth Control

5 Conclusion

Chapter V: Housing: The Story Of Wood, Grass, And Stone

1 Historical Notes On Housing

2 The Courtyard Or Compound

3 Types Of Houses

4 Building A Simple House

5 Tools

6 Co-operation In Housebuilding

7 Housebuilding Ceremonies

Part Three: The Family And The Land

Chapter Vi: The Family System

1 Introduction

2 Kinship Terminology And The Kinship System

3 The Extended Family And Its Branches

4 Individual Families And Their Branches

5 The Pivotal Importance Of The First Son

6 Adoption

7 The “growing Up” Parent

8 The Household Order Naming System

9 Conclusion

Chapter Vii: Inheritance And Succession

1 The Family System, Inheritance, And Succession

2 Essentials Of The Inheritance System.

3 Mechanics Of Land Division

Chapter Viii: Land Tenure And Land Use

1 The Old Land Allotment System

2 Present Land Tenure And Land Classification

3 Care And Conservation Of Land

4 Fragmentation And Consolidation

5 Conclusion

Part Four: Ways Of Living

Chapter Ix: Agriculture

1 Introduction

2 Methods And Tools

3 The Annual Work Cycle

4 Rice Cultivation

5 The Sweet Potato

6 The Planting Of Sugar Cane And Sugar Making

7 Other Crops

8 Native Uncultivated Plants Of Use To Man (other Than Forest Trees)

9 Domestic Animals

10 Conclusion

Chapter X: Minatogawa-nagamo

Part 1 Minatogawa, The Fishing Community

1 Introduction

2 Types Of Boats

3 Common Fish And How They Are Caught

3 Division Of The Catch

5 Sale And Distribution Of Fish

6 Other Activities Associated With Fishing

7 The Rough Language Of Minatogawa

8 Daily Life Of The Fishing Village

9 Conclusion

Part 2 The Quarries Of Minatogawa-nagamo

1 Introduction

2 Acquiring And Working The Land

3 Tools And Types Of Stone Cut

4 Restoring The Land

Chapter Xi: The Forest Setting Of Matsuda

1 An Historical View Of The Okinawan Forest

2 The Forests And The Trees Of Matsuda

3 The Uses Of The Forest

4 An Example Of Reclamation

5 Conservation

6 Conclusion

Chapter Xiii: Village Commerce And Traditional Financing

1 Village Shops And Businesses

2 Mutual Loan Groups

3 Asśociations

4 The Cash Economy Of Rural Villages

Part Five: Family Life

Chapter Xiii: From Infancy To Early Adulthood

1 The Okinawan Midwife

2 Birth Customs And Convalescence

3 Naming The Child

4 The Early Years

5 The School Child

6 Early Adulthood And The Engagement

Chapter Xiv: Marriage

1 Marriage Customs

2 The Marriage Ceremony

3 Contemporary Attitudes Toward Marriage

Chapter Xv: Mature Life And Old Age

1 The Daily Diet

2 The Division Of Labor

3 Daily Work Habits

4 Clothing

5 Laundering And Bathing

6 Hair Styles

7 The Nature Of Social Life

8 Public Health

9 Native Medicine

10 Tattooing

11 Knuckle Cracking

12 The Tide

13 Home Industries, Arts, And Crafts

14 Activities Of Old Age

Chapter Xvi: Death And Memory Of The Dead

1 Death And Funeral Services

2 Burial Places And The Family System

3 Observances In Memory Of The Dead

Part Six: The Wider Community Experience

Chapter Xvii: Public Celebrations And Holdiays

1 The New Year

2 Jūrokunichi

3 Celebrations Through The Festival Of The Fifth Month

4 O-bon

5 Festival Of The Full Moon

6 Other Holidays Of The Year

Chapter Xviii: The Village Community

1 Community Recreation

2 Obtaining News Of A Larger World

3 Village Co-operation

4 Village Leadership

5 Community Organizations

6 The Democratic Government Of The Township And Village

Chapter Xix: Education And The Village

1 Introduction

2 Covrses Of Study

3 Schools And The Teacher

4 Learning English

5 Home, School, And Village

Chapter Xx: Religion

1 Introduction

2 Contemporary Religious Beliefs

3 Buddhism

4 Ancestor Worship

5 Survivals Of The Priestess ( Noro ) System

6 Gods Of The Fire, Wells, And Sacred Groves

7 Other Religious Observances

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: Studies of Okinawan village life

Published By: Washington D.C.: Pacific Science Board, National Research Council, 1953. [ia-e] ii, 382 p.: ill., maps

By line: [by] Clarence J. Glacken

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Okinawans (AC07)

Subjects: Composition of population (162); History (175); Fishing (226); Tillage (241); Land use (311); Lumbering (313); Mining and quarrying (316); Lithic industries (324); Dwellings (342); Real property (423); Inheritance (428); Nuptials (585); Family (590); Kinship terminology (601); Kin relationships (602); Community structure (621); External relations (648); Burial practices and funerals (764); Organized ceremonial (796); Education system (871);

Abstract: This work is based primarily upon six months of field work in three sample villages chosen as examples of the primary types of economies -- agriculture, fishing, stonecutting, and forestry. The description is comprehensive and detailed. In addition to the focus on person-land relationships, there is very detailed information on topics such as economic organization, kinship (including kinship terminology), marriage, family life, socialization patterns, formal education, religion, festivals, funerals and mourning, and the community. There is a lenghty discussion of what is called the 'family system,' which includes the entire network of kin groups. The structuring of the patrilineal kin groups remains ambiguous, although it may be suggested that they seem to constitute a segmentary lineage system.

Document Number: 1

Document ID: ac07-001

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliography

Field Date: 1951-1952

Evaluation: Ethnologist, Geographer-5

Analyst: Robert O. Lagacé ; 1962

Coverage Date: prehistory -1952

Coverage Place: villages of Hanashiro, Minatogawa, and Matsuda, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, Japan

LCSH: Okinawa

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