Aoyagi, Machiko, 1930-. Kinship organisation and behaviour in a contemporary Tongan village

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Title: Kinship organisation and behaviour in a contemporary Tongan village

Published in: The journal of the Polynesian Society -- Vol. 75

Published By: The journal of the Polynesian Society -- Vol. 75 Wellington, N.Z. [etc.]: Polynesian Society, 1966. 141-176 p.

By line: Machiko Aoyagi

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2006. Computer File

Culture: Tongans (OU09)

Subjects: REAL PROPERTY (423); NAMING (553); STATUS, ROLE, AND PRESTIGE (554); VISITING AND HOSPITALITY (574); NUPTIALS (585); RESIDENCE (591); HOUSEHOLD (592); FAMILY (590); FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS (593); KINSHIP TERMINOLOGY (601); KIN RELATIONSHIPS (602); AVUNCULAR AND NEPOTIC RELATIVES (604); KINDREDS AND RAMAGES (612); LINEAGES (613); COMMUNITY STRUCTURE (621); COMMUNITY HEADS (622); BURIAL PRACTICES AND FUNERALS (764); RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS (795); ORGANIZED CEREMONIAL (796);

Abstract: This is a 'descriptive study on the kinship organisation and behaviour of Tongan commoners in a contemporary Tongan village' (p. 141). It is specifically in contrast to the findings of Gifford (document #1) on kinship among the nobility. Commoners are organized into bilateral 'famili,' loose kindreds drawn upon as they are needed, and lack the unilineal 'ha'a' of the nobility, which Gifford thought were characteristic of all Tongan society. Aoyagi discusses the structure of the village, household composition, post-marital residence, the kindreds-famili and kāinga, and their functions, religion, land use, marriage regulation, kinship terminology and norms of kin behavior between the various dyad, e.g., husband and wife, uncle and nephew, etc. sleeping places, name giving, weddings, funerals, and the rather loose internal stratification of the village.

Document Number: 45

Document ID: ou09-045

Document Type: Journal Article

Language: English

Field Date: July 1962 - Feb. 1963, Tonga; Nov. 1962 - Jan. 1963, Nukuleka

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: Martin J. Malone; Eleanor C. Swanson; 1978

Coverage Date: 1960s

Coverage Place: Nukuleka village, Tongatapu Island, Tonga

LCSH: Tongans

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