Adams, William Yewdale, 1927-. Wage labor and the San Carlos Apache

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Title: Wage labor and the San Carlos Apache

Published in: Apachean culture history and ethnology, edited by Keith H. Basso and Morris E. Opler ; Collaborating authors : William Y. Adams [and others]

Published By: Apachean culture history and ethnology, edited by Keith H. Basso and Morris E. Opler ; Collaborating authors : William Y. Adams [and others] Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1971. 115-133 p.

By line: William Y. Adams and Gordon V. Krutz

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Western Apache (NT21)

Subjects: Labor supply and employment (464);

Abstract: This article provides a two-part analysis of wage labor among the Western Apache of the San Carlos Reservation. The first part, a study by Adams based on research conducted in 1954, traces historically the development of wage labor in the reservation era and attempts to determine the degree of success of integrating the San Carlos into a national or regional economy. Krutz' study, comprising the second half of the analysis and based on work conducted in 1970, posits that the unwillingness of the Western Apache to engage more extensively in off-reservation wage labor is part of a strategy of resistance to assimilation. The persisting significance of kinship ties, obligation to ceremonial participation, and job skill levels are also discussed in the context of wage labor.

Document Number: 36

Document ID: nt21-036

Document Type: Essay

Language: English

Note: Based on the Apachean Symposium, held at the 69th annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Nov., 1969, New Orleans. Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: 1954 (Adams) ; 1970 (Krutz)

Evaluation: Ethnologist (Adams), Educator (Krutz)-4,5

Analyst: Delgra Childs ; John Beierle ; 1980

Coverage Date: 1870-1970

Coverage Place: San Carlos Reservation, Ariz., United States

LCSH: Western Apache Indians

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