Allen, Robert S.. A Witness to murder: the Cypress Hills Massacre and the conflict of attitudes towards native people of the Canadian and American West during the 1870's

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Title: A Witness to murder: the Cypress Hills Massacre and the conflict of attitudes towards native people of the Canadian and American West during the 1870's

Published in: As long as the sun shines and water flows : a reader in Canadian native studies, edited by Ian A.L. Getty and Antoine S. Lussier

Published By: As long as the sun shines and water flows : a reader in Canadian native studies, edited by Ian A.L. Getty and Antoine S. Lussier Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1983. 229-246 p.

By line: Robert S. Allen

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Assiniboine (NF04)

Subjects: External trade (439); Ethnic stratification (563); External relations (648); Warfare (726);

Abstract: This is an account of the Cypress Hills Massacre that occurred in southern Saskatchewan, near the Montana border 1 June 1873. A group of American and Canadian wolfers surprised and attacked a camp of Assiniboine, whom they thought had stolen one of their horses. They killed 22 men, women, and children and lost only one from their own group. Allen discusses the series of massacres in Montana prior to Cypress Hills. He also profiles each of the perpetrators, all but three who fled to the United States. The Canadian government failed in their attempt to extradite those who did flee, however, the North West Mounted Police found and arrested the three left in Canada. They stood trial in Winnipeg, Manitoba in June 1876. The government desperately wanted to avoid the violence and bloodshed occurring in the American West and establish a just rule of law, which was deemed crucial to peaceful treaty negotiations. Although the men were acquitted, the government's effort did impress the Indians enough to permit the peaceful negotiation and signing of Treaties Nos. 6 and 7.

Document Number: 1

Document ID: nf04-001

Document Type: Essay

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: not specified

Evaluation: Government Official-4

Analyst: Ian Skoggard ; 2001

Coverage Date: 1873-1876

Coverage Place: Saskatchewan, Canada

LCSH: Assiniboine Indians

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