Amorosi, Thomas. Contributions to the zooarchaeology of Iceland: some preliminary notes

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Title: Contributions to the zooarchaeology of Iceland: some preliminary notes

Published in: The Anthropology of Iceland, edited by E. Paul Durrenberger and Gísli Pálsson

Published By: The Anthropology of Iceland, edited by E. Paul Durrenberger and Gísli Pálsson Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1989. 203-227 p.

By line: Thomas Amorosi

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2004. Computer File

Culture: Icelanders (EQ01)

Subjects: Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Climate (132); Fauna (136); Prehistory (172); Historical reconstruction (174); Domesticated animals (231); Environmental quality (318);

Abstract: One of the more important tools in paleoeconomic reconstruction is zooarchaeology (or archaeozoology), a technique of faunal analysis which attempts to use excavated animal bone collection to gain an understanding of the relative importance of different species to past economies, seasonal patterns in exploitation, and changing herding strategies (p. 203). In this paper the author applies this technique to excavated animal bones from several sites located in the northeastern and southern coastal regions of Iceland. In the second part of this work Amorosi discusses to some length the '...impact of climatic change on Icelandic settlement and of the impact of the Icelandic settlement upon the island's natural resources: proposing a combination of climatic deterioration and environmental degradation as partial causes for the country's declining fortunes in late medieval and early modern times' (p. 214).

Document Number: 10

Document ID: eq01-010

Document Type: Essay

Language: English

Field Date: ca. 1980s

Evaluation: Ethnologist, Archaeologist-4,5

Analyst: John Beierle ; 2002

Coverage Date: 1400-1799

Coverage Place: northeastern and southern coasts of Iceland

LCSH: Icelanders

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